ABSTRACT: A simple and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method after precolumn derivatization with 9,10-anthraquinone-2-sulfonyl chloride (ASC) has been developed and validated for the analysis of amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) in biological samples. Based on this method, we investigated the impact of urinary pH on the pharmacokinetics of phenylpropanolamine (PPA), pseudoephedrine (PSE), and fenfluramine (FEN) in rats. The drugs were orally administrated to rats, which had been induced, by repeated oral doses of ammonium chloride or sodium bicarbonate, to excrete urine at lower or higher pH than the normal value, respectively. Results revealed that as the increase of urinary pH, the mean elimination half-life (t(1/2)), the mean residence time (MRT) and the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) of PPA, PSE, and FEN were greatly raised, while the total plasma clearance (CL/F) decreased considerably. These findings have important clinical implications.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 06/2008; 98(2):728-38. · 3.06 Impact Factor