[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Multinational Brassica rapa Genome Sequencing Project (BrGSP) has developed valuable genomic resources, including BAC libraries, BAC-end sequences, genetic and physical maps, and seed BAC sequences for Brassica rapa. An integrated linkage map between the amphidiploid B. napus and diploid B. rapa will facilitate the rapid transfer of these valuable resources from B. rapa to B. napus (Oilseed rape, Canola).
In this study, we identified over 23,000 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) from 536 sequenced BACs. 890 SSR markers (designated as BrGMS) were developed and used for the construction of an integrated linkage map for the A genome in B. rapa and B. napus. Two hundred and nineteen BrGMS markers were integrated to an existing B. napus linkage map (BnaNZDH). Among these mapped BrGMS markers, 168 were only distributed on the A genome linkage groups (LGs), 18 distrubuted both on the A and C genome LGs, and 33 only distributed on the C genome LGs. Most of the A genome LGs in B. napus were collinear with the homoeologous LGs in B. rapa, although minor inversions or rearrangements occurred on A2 and A9. The mapping of these BAC-specific SSR markers enabled assignment of 161 sequenced B. rapa BACs, as well as the associated BAC contigs to the A genome LGs of B. napus.
The genetic mapping of SSR markers derived from sequenced BACs in B. rapa enabled direct links to be established between the B. napus linkage map and a B. rapa physical map, and thus the assignment of B. rapa BACs and the associated BAC contigs to the B. napus linkage map. This integrated genetic linkage map will facilitate exploitation of the B. rapa annotated genomic resources for gene tagging and map-based cloning in B. napus, and for comparative analysis of the A genome within Brassica species.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Microsatellite or simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers are routinely used for tagging genes and assessing genetic diversity. In spite of their importance, there are limited numbers of SSR markers available for Brassica crops. A total of 627 new SSR markers (designated BnGMS) were developed based on publicly available genome survey sequences and used to survey polymorphisms among six B. napus cultivars that serve as parents for established populations. Among these SSR markers, 591 (94.3%) successfully amplified at least one fragment and 434 (73.4%) detected polymorphism among the six B. napus cultivars. No correlation was observed between SSR motifs, repeat number or repeat length with polymorphism levels. A linkage map was constructed using 163 newly developed BnGMS marker loci and anchored with 164 public SSRs in a doubled haploid population. These new markers are evenly distributed over all linkage groups (LGs). Given that the majority of these SSRs are derived from bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) end sequences, they will be useful in the assignment of their cognate BACs to LGs and facilitate the integration of physical maps with genetic maps for genome sequencing in B. napus.
Theoretical and Applied Genetics 03/2009; 118(6):1121-31. · 3.66 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The availability of whole genome shotgun sequences (WGSs) in Brassica oleracea provides an unprecedented opportunity for development of microsatellite or simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers for genome
analysis and genetic improvement in Brassica species. In this study, a total of 56,465 non-redundant SSRs were identified from the WGSs in B. oleracea, with dinucleotide repeats being the most abundant, followed by tri-, tetra- and pentanucleotide repeats. From these, 1,398
new SSR markers (designated as BoGMS) with repeat length ≥25bp were developed and used to survey polymorphisms with a panel
of six rapeseed varieties, which is the largest number of SSR markers developed for the C genome in a single study. Of these
SSR markers, 752 (69.5%) showed polymorphism among the six varieties. Of these, 266 markers that showed clear scorable polymorphisms
between B. napus varieties No. 2127 and ZY821 were integrated into an existing B. napus genetic linkage map. These new markers are preferentially distributed on the linkage groups in the C genome, and significantly
increased the number of SSR markers in the C genome. These SSR markers will be very useful for gene mapping and marker-assisted
selection of important agronomic traits in Brassica species.
KeywordsBrassica oleracea–Whole genome shotgun sequences–Microsatellites–Simple sequence repeats–Brassica napus–Linkage map