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ABSTRACT: Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) is a nuclear enzyme that catalyzes the poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation of target proteins in response to DNA damage and has been proposed to play a role in DNA repair, recombination, transcription, cell death, cell proliferation, as well as in stabilization of the genome. We have recently shown that PARP-1 deficiency causes mammary tumorigenesis in mice. In the present study, we investigated whether genetic variants and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of PARP-1 contribute to human breast cancer. To this end, we screened all PARP-1 exons, 7.1kb of intron-exon junction and 1.0-kb promoter sequences in 83 French patients with breast cancer and 100 controls by direct sequencing of genomic DNA. Twenty rare genetic variants of PARP-1, including c.1148C>A (Ser383Tyr), c.1354C>A (Arg452Arg), c.2819A>G (Lys940Arg) were detected in nine (10.8%) breast cancers of these patients. Among 31 polymorphic sites examined, five haplotype-tagging SNPs (htSNPs) of PARP-1 were identified. Interestingly, the genotype distribution of htSNP c.852T>C (Ala284Ala) was likely associated with loss of estrogen- and progesterone-receptor expression. The present study implies that genetic variants of PARP-1 may contribute to breast cancerogenesis and that PARP-1 htSNP c.852T>C (Ala284Ala) may influence hormonal therapy of breast cancer.
Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis 08/2007; 632(1-2):20-8. · 3.90 Impact Factor