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ABSTRACT: Total body irradiation combined with cyclophosphamide (TBI/CY) and busulphan combined with cyclophosphamide (BU/CY) are standard conditioning regimens in hematological stem cell transplantation for patients with myelogenous leukemia. This study was aimed to compare the therapeutic efficacy of TBI/CY and BU/CY as conditioning regiment for acute or chronic myelogenous leukemia. The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, CNKI, CBM (Chinese Bio-medicine Database) had been searched for all relevant articles (1999-2007). Comparative studies were carried out on clinical therapeutic effects of TBI/CY and BU/CY including stem cell engraftment, relapse, complications, transplant-related mortality, and disease-free survival. A meta-analysis was performed using Review Manager 4.2 software and funnel plot regression was adopted to assess the publication bias. The results indicated that 2149 articles in English and 46 articles in Chinese were got, and finally 9 clinical trials with total 3039 patients have been assessed. No significantly difference was found in engraftment failure and transplant-related mortality resulting from TBI/CY and BU/CY conditioning regimens, but the incidence of veno-occlusion of liver and hemorrhagic cystitis obviously increased in BU/CY group after transplantation, the acute GVHD, interstitial pneumonia and cataract significantly increased in TBI/CY group. The relapse rate of AML in TBI/CY group was lower than that in BU/CY group, and the rate of long-term disease-free survival of AML patients in TBI/CY group also significantly lower than that in BU/CY group, but the relapse rate of CML in TBI/CY group after transplantation was obviously higher than that in BU/CY group, but there was no difference in longterm disease-free survival rate between the two conditioning regimens mentioned above. It is concluded that the meta-analysis confirms different effects of TBI/CY and BU/CY regimens on myelogenous leukemia transplantation. This result is useful for physicians to select treatment regimens.
Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 01/2009; 16(6):1354-60.