ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous renal artery embolisation of non-functioning renal allografts in patients with graft intolerance syndrome (GIS). Transcatheter artery embolisation was performed in 30 kidney transplant recipients with GIS. The duration of graft function had been 60+/-45 months. Infectious disease was ruled out in all patients. Embolisation consisted of the injection of polyvinyl alcohol microspheres followed by the insertion of a stainless steel coil in the renal artery branches. Symptoms of GIS included: fever-graft pain (44%, n=13), fever-hematuria-pain (20%, n=6), fever-hematuria (13%, n=4) and fever alone (23%, n=7). Latency time between graft failure and embolisation was 184+/-227 (17-1181) days. Embolisation was clinically successful with the prolonged disappearance of GIS in 24 patients (80%). Six patients showed initial clinical improvement, but GIS reappeared at 40+/-18 days, and graft nephrectomy was required. There were no major complications associated with embolisation and no deaths. Perirenal collateral supply was a risk factor for the reappearance of GIS. Renal vascular embolisation is a simple, safe and effective technique for treating renal allograft intolerance syndrome and could be a feasible alternative for the first-line treatment.
Transplant International 05/2002; 15(4):149-55. · 2.92 Impact Factor