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ABSTRACT: The mortality in patients presenting with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm remains high. In this study we aimed to assess the outcome and factors predicting the mortality in patients admitted to a teaching hospital with the diagnosis of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. During the study period (July 2001 to July 2007) all patients admitted with a diagnosis of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm were included. There was a total of 62 patients with a mean age of 76 years. The hospital mortality was 32.3% (20 patients). Twelve patients (19.4%) were discharged home, 25 patients (40.3%) were discharged to rehabilitation and five patients (8%) were discharged to other hospitals for further care. There was a significant difference between survivors and non-survivors in age, loss of consciousness at presentation and duration of hospital stay. Logistic regression analysis of these variables suggests the presence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (P=0.04, odds ratio 6.7, 95% confidence interval 1.1 to 41.3) and age (P=0.02, odds ratio 1.2, 95% confidence intervals 1.0 to 1.3) to be independently associated with mortality. These results compare favourably with published Australian as well as the international data.
Anaesthesia and intensive care 08/2008; 36(4):560-4. · 1.30 Impact Factor