Vu Kim Thu

Chungnam National University, Seongnam, Gyeonggi, South Korea

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Publications (7)8.85 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The anticancer activity of ten compounds from the aerial parts of Glochidion eriocarpum were evaluated on two human cancer cell lines, HL-60 and HCT-116. Compounds 1-4 displayed highly potent cytotoxic activity on the HCT-116 cancer cell line with IC(50) values ranging of 0.41∼1.16 μM. Compounds 1-4 significantly inhibited the HL-60 cell line with IC(50) values ranging of 4.51∼6.33 μM. These results suggested that the benzoyl group at the C-22 position in oleane-type triterpene saponins was essential for cytotoxicity towards tumor cells. Moreover, compounds 2 and 3 showed more potent cytotoxicity than compounds 1 and 4 against HL-60 and HCT-116 cells. With respect to the mechanism underlying cytotoxicity, compounds 1-4 increased chromatin condensation, a typical apoptotic characteristic in HL-60 and HCT-116 cells. In the mechanism of apoptosis induction, compounds 1-4 reduced Bcl-2 expression, whereas the expression of Bax was increased compared to controls in HCT-116 cells. In addition, compounds 1-4 decreased the level of procaspase-3. The cleavage of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), a vital substrate of effector caspase, was observed in HCT-116 cells. Furthermore, the induction of apoptosis was also accompanied by an activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and p38 kinase in HCT-116 cells. These findings provide evidence demonstrating that the pro-apoptotic effects of compounds 1-4 are mediated through the activation of ERK and p38 in HCT-116 cells.
    Archives of Pharmacal Research 01/2012; 35(1):19-26. · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two new oleanane-type triterpene saponins, tarasaponin IV (1) and elatoside L (2), and four known; stipuleanoside R(2) (3), kalopanax-saponin F (4), kalopanax-saponin F methylester (5), and elatoside D (6) were isolated from the bark of Aralia elata. Kalopanax-saponin F methyl ester was isolated from nature for the first time. Their chemical structures were elucidated using the chemical and physical methods as well as good agreement with those of reported in the literature. Oleanane-type triterpene saponins are the main component of A. elata. All compounds were investigated the anti-inflammatory activity. We measured their inhibition of NF-κB and activation of PPARs activities in HepG2 cells using luciferase reporter system. As results, compounds 2 and 4 were found to inhibit NF-κB activation stimulated by TNFα in a dose-dependent manner with IC(50) values of 4.1 and 9.5 μM, respectively, when compared with that of positive control, sulfasalazine (0.9 μM). Compounds 2 and 4 also inhibited TNFα-induced expression of iNOS and COX-2 mRNA. Furthermore, compounds 1-6 were evaluated PPAR activity using PPAR subtype transactivation assays. Among of them, compounds 4-6 significantly increased PPARγ transactivation. However, compounds 4-6 did not activate in any other PPAR subtypes.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 08/2011; 21(20):6143-7. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Eight compounds were isolated from methanol extract of Plantago major L. leaves and investigated for their ability to inhibit angiotensin I-converting enzyme activity. Among them, compound 1 showed the most potent inhibition with rate of 28.06 ± 0.21% at a concentration of 100 μM. Compounds 2 and 8 exhibited weak activities. These results suggest that compound 1 might contribute to the ability of P. major to inhibit the activity of angiotensin I- converting enzyme.
    Archives of Pharmacal Research 03/2011; 34(3):419-23. · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: By various chromatographic methods, one new phenylpropanoid, acanthopanic acid (1), and three known compounds, 1,2-O-dicaffeoylcyclopenta-3-ol (2), (4S)-α-terpineol 8-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (3), and rutin (4), were isolated from the methanol extract of the Acanthopanax koreanum leaves. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analyses, and their antioxidant activities were evaluated by the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) radical scavenging 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate assay. Among them, compounds 1, 2, and 4 showed significant scavenging capacity with IC(50) values of 3.8, 2.6, and 2.9 μM, respectively, and compound 3 showed weak scavenging capacity with the inhibition rate of 37% at 40 μM.
    Journal of Asian natural products research 01/2011; 13(1):56-61. · 0.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: From the aerial parts of Glochidion eriocarpum, a new triterpene, glochieriol (1), three new triterpenoid saponins, glochieriosides C - E (2 - 4), together with four known triterpenes (glochidonol, glochidiol, lupeol, and 3-epi-lupeol) were isolated by using combined chromatographic separations. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data, including FTICR-MS, 1D and 2D NMR.
    Natural product communications 03/2010; 5(3):361-4. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Combined chromatographic methods led to the isolation of two new triterpenoid saponins, glochieriosides A and B (1, 2), from the aerial parts of Glochidion eriocarpum, along with three known triterpenes, glochidone (3), lup-20(29)-en-3beta,23-diol (4), and lup-20(29)-en-1beta,3beta-diol (5). The structures of the new saponins were determined to be 22beta-benzoyloxy-3beta,16beta,28-trihydroxyolean-12-ene 3-O-[beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->3)-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside] (1) and 22beta-benzoyloxy-3beta,16beta,28-trihydroxyolean-12-ene 3-O-[beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->3)-beta-D-xylopyranoside] (2). The structural elucidation was accomplished by using a combination of the 1D-NMR (1H-, 13C-NMR, distortionless enhancement by polarization transfer (DEPT) 90 degrees , and DEPT 135 degrees ), 2D-NMR (1H-1H correlation spectroscopy, heteronuclear multiple quantum correlation, heteronuclear multiple bond correlation, and rotating frame Overhouser effect spectroscopy), ESI-MS, and HR-FAB-MS experiments. Glochieriosides A and B exhibited significant cytotoxic activity against HL-60, HT-29, MCF-7 and SK-OV-3 human cancer cell lines with the IC50 values of 5.5, 6.8, 29.1, and 22.7 microM for glochierioside A, respectively, and 6.6, 18.6, 36.1, and 16.0 microM for glochierioside B. Glochidone was less active with IC50 values greater than 100 microM while lup-20(29)-en-1beta,3beta-diol was moderately active with IC50 values of 43.3, 67.0, 66.1, and 48.0 microM, respectively.
    CHEMICAL & PHARMACEUTICAL BULLETIN 01/2009; 57(1):102-5. · 1.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: From the aerial parts of Glochidion eriocarpum, a new flavan glucoside, 5,7,3',4'-tetra-O-methyl-ent-epicatechin 3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (1), a known flavan, 5,7,3 methylepicatechin (2), and three known triterpenes, lupeol (3), 3-epi-lupeol (4), and glochidonol (5), were isolated by using combined chromatographic separations. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data.

Publication Stats

17 Citations
8.85 Total Impact Points

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Institutions

  • 2011–2012
    • Chungnam National University
      • College of Pharmacy
      Seongnam, Gyeonggi, South Korea
  • 2009–2012
    • Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology
      • Institute of Natural Products Chemistry
      Kanh-Hoa, Khánh Hòa, Vietnam