Viola Poeschel

Universitätsklinikum des Saarlandes, Homburg, Saarland, Germany

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Publications (10)100.81 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To improve outcome of elderly patients with DLBCL dose-dense rituximab was evaluated in the prospective DENSE-R-CHOP-14 trial.
    Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology / ESMO. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: R-CHOP (rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) is standard care for aggressive B-cell lymphoma. A prospective trial was conducted to investigate the role of additive radiotherapy (RT) to bulky and extralymphatic disease. The best arm of the RICOVER-60 trial (6×R-CHOP-14+2R [R-CHOP administered once every 2 weeks plus two additional applications of rituximab] plus involved-field RT [36 Gy] to sites of initial bulky [≥ 7.5 cm] disease and extralymphatic involvement) was compared with a cohort receiving the same immunochemotherapy but without RT in an amendment to the RICOVER-60 trial (RICOVER-noRTh) in a prospective fashion. After a median observation time of 39 months, 164 of 166 RICOVER-noRTh patients were evaluable. In a multivariable analysis of the intention-to-treat population adjusting for International Prognostic Index risk factors and age (> 70 years), event-free survival (EFS) of patients with bulky disease was inferior without additive RT (hazard ratio [HR], 2.1; 95% CI, 1.3 to 3.5; P = .005), with trends for inferior progression-free (PFS; HR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.0 to 3.3; P = .058) and overall survival (OS; HR, 1.6; 95% CI, 0.9 to 3.1; P = .127). In a per-protocol analysis with 11 patients in RICOVER-noRTh excluded for receiving unplanned RT, multivariable analysis revealed HRs of 2.7 (95% CI, 1.3 to 5.9; P = .011) for EFS, 4.4 (95% CI, 1.8 to 10.6; P = .001) for PFS, and 4.3 (95% CI, 1.7 to 11.1; P = .002) for OS for patients not receiving RT to bulky disease. Additive RT to bulky sites abrogates bulky disease as a risk factor and improves outcome of elderly patients with aggressive B-cell lymphoma. Whether RT can be spared in patients with (metabolic) complete remission after immunochemotherapy must be addressed in appropriately designed prospective trials.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 02/2014; · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Antibodies against citrullinated proteins (ACPA) have been recognised as the most specific serum marker for rheumatoid arthritis. However, serum autoantibodies such as anti-nuclear antibodies have also been detected in the sera of different lymphatic malignancies without accompanying rheumatologic disease. Therefore, we conducted a study to evaluate the prevalence of ACPA in diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (DLBCL). Sera of 395 DLBCL patients and 258 age-matched healthy controls were investigated to evaluate the prevalence of ACPA and RF. ACPA-positive data were stratified into subgroups of RF positivity and established prognostic parameters for DLBCL, including overall survival. In addition, the ACPA serum concentrations levels were compared to an ACPA-positive RA cohort (n = 175). The statistics were performed with χ2 test and Mann- Whitney-U test; Kaplan-Meyer curves (log rank test) were used to analyse the overall survival. P-value <0.05 was statistically significant. ACPA, but not RF, occurred significantly more frequently in the sera of DLBCL patients than in healthy controls (3.5% versus 0.8%, p = 0.030). However, the ACPA serum concentration levels were significantly lower than in RA patients (median 10.4 versus 124.1 U/ml, p = 0.0001). After subgroup stratification, ACPA positivity in DLBCL was significantly associated with male gender (4.4% versus 0%, p = 0.022; odds ratio 1.046, CI 1.014-1.079) and with RF-IgM seropositivity (1.77% versus 0%, p = 0.043), but not with prognostic parameters for DLBCL. DLBCL is associated with a significantly higher prevalence of ACPA, with an increased prevalence in male patients, and simultaneous RF-IgM positivity. However, ACPA is not prognostic for DLBCL. The prevalence of RF-IgM, -IgA, or -IgG did not differ from healthy controls.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(2):e88177. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the effect of sex on outcome, the male hazard ratio for PFS (HRPFS-male) was determined in patients with DLBCL. In young patients (MInT study), HRPFS-male was 1.3 (p=0.092) without and 1.1 (p=0.660) with rituximab. In elderly patients (RICOVER-60 study), HRPFS-male was 1.1 (p=0.348) with CHOP, but increased to 1.6 (p=0.004) with R-CHOP. The similar improvements of outcome in young patients were associated with similar rituximab clearances in young males and females (9.89 vs. 10.38 ml/h; p=0.238), while the greater benefit for elderly females was associated with a slower rituximab clearance (8.47 vs. 10.59 ml/h; p=0.005) and hence higher serum levels and longer exposure times, due to an age-dependent (p=0.004) decrease of rituximab clearance in females, but not males. Compared to elderly females all other subgroups had significantly faster rituximab clearances and hence appear to be suboptimally dosed when rituximab is given at 375 mg/m(2). While early results of pharmacokinetic-based prospective trials designed to exploit the full therapeutic potential of rituximab suggest that increased doses and/or prolonged exposure times can improve the outcome of elderly males with DLBCL, further studies are warranted that address the optimization of rituximab dose and schedule in all subgroups of DLBCL patients.
    Blood 12/2013; · 9.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pharmacokinetics of 8 doses of rituximab (375 mg/m(2)) given in combination with 2-week cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone/prednisolone (CHOP-14) was determined by ELISA in 20 elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) 10 minutes before and after each infusion and 1 week and 1, 2, 3, 6, and 9 months after the last infusion. Population pharmacokinetic modeling was performed with nonlinear mixed-effect modeling software (NONMEM VI). Concentration-time data were fitted into an open 2-compartment model and total clearance, central compartment volume, intercompartment clearance, and volume of distribution at steady-state (Vd(ss)) were investigated. Total clearance was 9.43 mL/h and Vd(ss) was 9.61 l. Rituximab clearance was reduced (8.21 mL/h vs 12.68 mL/h; P = .003) and elimination half-life was prolonged in women compared with men (t(1/2β) = 30.7 vs 24.7 days; P = .003). Body weight also affected Vd(ss) (0.1 l increase of Vd(ss) per kilogram above median of 75 kg). A sex-dependent effect and the higher weight of males contribute to their faster rituximab clearance, which might explain why elderly males benefit less from the addition of rituximab to CHOP than females. This trial was registered on www.clinicaltrials.gov as numbers NCT00052936, EU-20243 (RICOVER-60 Trial), EU-20534, and NCT00726700 (Pegfilgrastim Trial).
    Blood 02/2012; 119(14):3276-84. · 9.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The MInT study was the first to show improved 3-year outcomes with the addition of rituximab to a CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone)-like regimen in young patients with good-prognosis diffuse large-B-cell lymphoma. Extended follow-up was needed to establish long-term effects. In the randomised open-label MInT study, patients from 18 countries (aged 18-60 years with none or one risk factor according to the age-adjusted International Prognostic Index [IPI], stage II-IV disease or stage I disease with bulk) were randomly assigned to receive six cycles of a CHOP-like chemotherapy with or without rituximab. Bulky and extranodal sites received additional radiotherapy. Randomisation was done centrally with a computer-based tool and was stratified by centre, bulky disease, age-adjusted IPI, and chemotherapy regimen by use of a modified minimisation algorithm that incorporated a stochastic component. Patients and investigators were not masked to treatment allocation. The primary endpoint was event-free survival. Analyses were by intention to treat. This observational study is a follow-up of the MInT trial, which was stopped in 2003, and is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00400907. The intention-to-treat population included 410 patients assigned to chemotherapy alone and 413 assigned to chemotherapy plus rituximab. After a median follow-up of 72 months (range 0·03-119), 6-year event-free survival was 55·8% (95% CI 50·4-60·9; 166 events) for patients assigned to chemotherapy alone and 74·3% (69·3-78·6; 98 events) for those assigned to chemotherapy plus rituximab (difference between groups 18·5%, 11·5-25·4, log-rank p<0·0001). Multivariable analyses showed that event-free survival was affected by treatment group, presence of bulky disease, and age-adjusted IPI and that overall survival was affected by treatment group and presence of bulky disease only. After chemotherapy and rituximab, a favourable subgroup (IPI=0, no bulk) could be defined from a less favourable subgroup (IPI=1 or bulk, or both; event-free survival 84·3% [95% CI 74·2-90·7] vs 71·0% [65·1-76·1], log-rank p=0·005). 18 (4·4%, 95% CI 2·6-6·9) second malignancies occurred in the chemotherapy-alone group and 16 (3·9%, 2·2-6·2) in the chemotherapy and rituximab group (Fisher's exact p=0·730). Rituximab added to six cycles of CHOP-like chemotherapy improved long-term outcomes for young patients with good-prognosis diffuse large-B-cell lymphoma. The definition of two prognostic subgroups allows a more refined therapeutic approach to these patients than does assessment by IPI alone. Hoffmann-La Roche.
    The Lancet Oncology 09/2011; 12(11):1013-22. · 25.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effects of deferring pegfilgrastim until day 4 on the reduction of chemotherapy-induced leukocytopenia. Patients of age 61-80 years with aggressive lymphoma were randomly assigned to receive 6 mg pegfilgrastim on day 2 or 4 of a 2-week chemotherapy regimen (R-CHOP-14). Two hundred and ninety-two and 313 chemotherapy cycles were evaluable in 103 patients. Post-nadir pegfilgrastim serum levels were higher after day 4 than after day 2 application. This was associated with an attenuated leukocyte nadir after day 4 pegfilgrastim and there were fewer days with leukocytes <2 × 10(3)/mm(3) compared with day 2 pegfilgrastim. Grade 3 and 4 leukocytopenias (70% versus 43.3%; P < 0.001) and grade 4-only leukocytopenias (47% versus 20.5%; P < 0.001) were more frequent after day 2 pegfilgrastim. There were more chemotherapy cycles with grade 3 and 4 infections after day 2 than day 4 pegfilgrastim (9.4% versus 6.0%; P = 0.118). Interventional antibiotics were given more often after day 2 than after day 4 pegfilgrastim (30.7% versus 21.9% of cycles; P = 0.008). There were five deaths during leukocytopenia after day 2 and none after day 4 pegfilgrastim (P = 0.027). Administration of pegfilgrastim on day 4 was more effective in reducing severe leukocytopenias and resulted in fewer deaths during leukocytopenia. Pegfilgrastim should be given on day 4 to better exploit its myeloprotective potential.
    Annals of Oncology 02/2011; 22(8):1872-7. · 7.38 Impact Factor
  • Fuel and Energy Abstracts 01/2009; 75(3).
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    ABSTRACT: Cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (CHOP) is used to treat patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Interval decrease from 3 weeks of treatment (CHOP-21) to 2 weeks (CHOP-14), and addition of rituximab to CHOP-21 (R-CHOP-21) has been shown to improve outcome in elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). This randomised trial assessed whether six or eight cycles of R-CHOP-14 can improve outcome of these patients compared with six or eight cycles of CHOP-14. 1222 elderly patients (aged 61-80 years) were randomly assigned to six or eight cycles of CHOP-14 with or without rituximab. Radiotherapy was planned to sites of initial bulky disease with or without extranodal involvement. The primary endpoint was event-free survival; secondary endpoints were response, progression during treatment, progression-free survival, overall survival, and frequency of toxic effects. Analyses were done by intention to treat. The trial is registered on National Cancer Institute website, number NCT00052936 and as EU-20243. 3-year event-free survival was 47.2% after six cycles of CHOP-14 (95% CI 41.2-53.3), 53.0% (47.0-59.1) after eight cycles of CHOP-14, 66.5% (60.9-72.0) after six cycles of R-CHOP-14, and 63.1% (57.4-68.8) after eight cycles of R-CHOP-14. Compared with six cycles of CHOP-14, the improvement in 3-year event-free survival was 5.8% (-2.8-14.4) for eight cycles of CHOP-14, 19.3% (11.1-27.5) for six cycles of R-CHOP-14, and 15.9% (7.6-24.2) for eight cycles of R-CHOP-14. 3-year overall survival was 67.7% (62.0-73.5) for six cycles of CHOP-14, 66.0% (60.1-71.9) for eight cycles of CHOP-14, 78.1% (73.2-83.0) for six cycles of R-CHOP-14, and 72.5% (67.1-77.9) for eight cycles of R-CHOP-14. Compared with treatment with six cycles of CHOP-14, overall survival improved by -1.7% (-10.0-6.6) after eight cycles of CHOP-14, 10.4% (2.8-18.0) after six cycles of R-CHOP-14, and 4.8% (-3.1-12.7) after eight cycles of R-CHOP-14. In a multivariate analysis that used six cycles of CHOP-14 without rituximab as the reference, and adjusting for known prognostic factors, all three intensified regimens improved 3-year event-free survival (eight cycles of CHOP-14: RR [relative risk] 0.76 [0.60-0.95], p=0.0172; six cycles of R-CHOP-14: RR 0.51 [0.40-0.65], p<0.0001; eight cycles of R-CHOP-14: RR 0.54 [0.43-0.69], p<0.0001). Progression-free survival improved after six cycles of R-CHOP-14 (RR 0.50 [0.38-0.67], p<0.0001), and eight cycles of R-CHOP-14 (RR 0.59 [0.45-0.77], p=0.0001). Overall survival improved only after six cycles of R-CHOP-14 (RR 0.63 [0.46-0.85], p=0.0031). In patients with a partial response after four cycles of chemotherapy, eight cycles were not better than six cycles. Six cycles of R-CHOP-14 significantly improved event-free, progression-free, and overall survival over six cycles of CHOP-14 treatment. Response-adapted addition of chemotherapy beyond six cycles, though widely practiced, is not justified. Of the four regimens assessed in this study, six cycles of R-CHOP-14 is the preferred treatment for elderly patients, with which other approaches should be compared.
    The Lancet Oncology 03/2008; 9(2):105-16. · 25.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: For more than 25 years, the combination of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone (CHOP) was considered the gold standard for the treatment of aggressive lymphomas, 90% of which are diffuse, large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs). Attempts to improve results by more intensive chemotherapy regimens, including high-dose chemotherapy approaches necessitating stem-cell support, have not convincingly shown improved outcome of DLBCL. The chimeric monoclonal antibody rituximab, which binds to the CD20 antigen expressed on normal B cells and the malignant cells of more than 90% of DLBCLs, and mediates lysis of these cells by direct induction of apoptosis, activation of complement- and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity in vitro, is an attractive candidate for the treatment of B-cell lymphomas. Initial studies in follicular lymphoma demonstrated its efficacy as a single agent or in combination with chemotherapy without adding relevant toxicity. After the demonstration of rituximab single-agent activity in DLBCL, a pivotal trial in elderly patients demonstrated that combining rituximab with eight applications of CHOP significantly improved complete remission, event-free and overall survival rates when compared with CHOP alone. These positive results have meanwhile been confirmed by two additional randomized trials in elderly patients and have been extended to young patients with good-prognosis DLBCL by a fourth trial. While not yet formally established in young, poor-prognosis patients, rituximab in combination with CHOP has become accepted worldwide as the new standard for the treatment of DLBCL. Questions remain concerning the optimal dosage and schedule of rituximab for DLBCL, as well as the optimal chemotherapy regimen partner for rituximab. Rituximab is the first monoclonal antibody to consistently improve survival rates of patients with a malignant disease. Its excellent efficacy in combination with cytotoxic chemotherapy, together with its favorable toxicity profile, establishes rituximab as an indispensable component of modern standard immunochemotherapy of DLBCL.
    Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy 09/2006; 6(8):1175-86. · 2.07 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

415 Citations
100.81 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006–2014
    • Universitätsklinikum des Saarlandes
      Homburg, Saarland, Germany