ABSTRACT: Design, using force-field calculations on the catalytic site of trypanothione reductase from Trypanosoma cruzi, has led to the development of new 5-nitrofuryl derivatives as potential anti-trypanosomal agents. The synthesized compounds were tested in vitro against T. cruzi and more than 75% of the prepared derivatives showed higher activity than nifurtimox. Compounds 5 and 11, hexyl 4-(5-nitrofurfurylidene)carbazate and N-hexyl 3-(5-nitrofuryl)propenamide, showed the highest in vitro trypanocidal effect reported to date for members of the nitrofuran family. Partition coefficients and energies for the single-electron reduction of compounds were theoretically determined. These properties could be not the major cause of the activities' differences. The physicochemical environment around E19, W22, C53 and Y111 residues within the trypanothione binding site of trypanothione reductase resulted a valuable target for the rational design of anti-trypanosomal drugs.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 06/2004; 39(5):421-31. · 3.35 Impact Factor