[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This work examines the production side of social affects in Mandarin Chinese, with the aim of extracting the more prominent patterns of acoustical variations. Results are then compared to previous perception data obtained on the same expressions. The F0, intensity and duration characteristics of 76 utterances conveying 19 prosodic attitudes are statistically examined in this study. All attitudes are regrouped into 5 clusters according to their prosodic features. The result of the statistical analysis shows that the prominent differentiation between clusters is mostly related to F0 and duration parameters; some similarities are noted between the clustering of attitudes from acoustic features and from perceptual confusions obtained in previous experiments; inside each cluster, some attitudes show typical characteristics in F0 and duration.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Social affects play an important role in the face-to-face interaction and are implied in the realization of speech acts. The prosody is a main vector of social affects and its cross-language variability is a challenge for language description as well as for foreign language teaching. The present paper aims at examining the influences of tones on the perception of 19 prosodic social affects of Mandarin Chinese by French and Vietnamese subjects. A corpus of attitudinal speech was designed with a variation of tones values and location. The test results show that most social affects were globally recognized over chance by the two groups of foreign-language subjects. For French subjects, "contempt", "irony" and "confidence", and "irony" for Vietnamese, were not identified – independently of tones distribution. A significant effect of tones for the two groups was found, with a higher magnitude for French than for Vietnamese. Moreover, a significant attitude & tone interaction is observed for both languages.