[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) represents the most common form of cancer in Caucasians, with continuing increase in incidence worldwide. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) accounts for 75% of cases of NMSC, and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) accounts for the remaining majority of NMSC cases. Whilst metastasis from BCC is extremely rare, metastasis from high-risk SCC may be fatal. In this article, we review the aetiology, diagnosis and management of NMSC.
Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery 01/2012; 5(1):3-10.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cutaneous squamous cell cancer (SCC) is the second most common skin cancer, accounting for one-fifth of all cutaneous malignancies. The majority arise on the head and neck skin, and cumulative UV exposure is thought to be the most likely etiological factor. The majority of deaths from SCC occur in a high-risk subgroup of patients. This high-risk subgroup of patients can be identified as those with tumors greater than 2 cm in diameter; tumor thickness over 4 mm; moderately/poorly differentiated or desmoplastic histological SCC subtype; ear, lip, hand, feet or genital tumor site; presence of perineural or lymphovascular invasion; nodal metastasis at presentation; recurrent SCC; SCC arising from scars or chronic skin disease, for example, chronic ulcers; and SCC arising in immunosuppressed patients. It is important to identify and aggressively treat these patients, as high-risk SCC are associated with a greater mortality and morbidity. This article reviews the diagnosis and management of such high-risk SCC.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nonmelanoma skin cancers (NMSCs), which include basal and squamous cell cancers are the most common human cancers. BCCs have a relatively low metastatic rate and slow growth and are frequently underreported. Whilst there is a definite role of sunexposure in the pathogenesis of BCC, several additional complex genotypic, phenotypic and environmental factors are contributory. The high prevalence and the frequent occurrence of multiple primary BCC in affected individuals make them an important public health problem. This has led to a substantial increase in search for newer noninvasive treatments for BCC. Surgical excision with predetermined margins remains the mainstay treatment for most BCC. Of the newer non-invasive treatments only photodynamic therapy and topical imiquimod have become established in the treatment of certain BCC subtypes, while the search for other more effective and tissue salvaging therapies continues. This paper focuses on the pathogenesis and management of BCC.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Patients with basal cell carcinoma (BCC) frequently develop further tumors during follow-up.
We sought to elucidate the relative effects of pattern of ultraviolet radiation exposure, and site and histologic type of the first tumor, on the rate of increase in BCC numbers.
We used negative binomial regression analysis to study the association of selected variables on the rate of increase in BCC numbers in 266 Caucasian patients who first presented with a tumor on the head/neck or trunk with nodular or superficial histology.
Patients with an initial truncal BCC with superficial histology demonstrated significantly faster increases in BCC numbers than did patients with other site and histology combinations.
These data indicate that site and histology define subsets of patients with BCC.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 04/2005; 52(3 Pt 1):468-73. · 4.91 Impact Factor