Publications (2)0 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this prospective randomized, double-blind study was to evaluate the analgesic efficacy and opioid-sparing effects of preemptive single dose of dexketoprofen trometamol in comparison with that of paracetamol or placebo for elective lumbar disc surgery, over a 24-hour (h) investigation period. After institutional approval and informed consent had been obtained, 75 patients scheduled for single level lumbar disc surgery were randomly allocated into three equal groups. Patients received oral dexketoprofen 25 mg (Group D), 500 mg paracetamol (Group P) or placebo tablets (Group C) 30 minutes (min) before induction of standard anesthesia. Patient-controlled analgesia was supplied postoperatively using morphine. Hemodynamics, visual analogue scale (VAS), sedation score, morphine consumption, and side effects were recorded every 15 min in the first hour and at 2, 6 and 24 h after surgery. The mean pain scores were similar among groups (p>0.05). The cumulative (SD) 24-h morphine consumption was 28.1 mg, 40.6 mg, and 43.6 mg for Groups D, P and C, respectively. The amount of morphine use at 2, 6 and 24 h was significantly lower in Group D (p<0.006). Hemodynamic parameters, sedation scores and side effects did not differ among the groups (p>0.05). The study demonstrated that preemptive dexketoprofen trometamol 25 mg is associated with a decrease of up to 35% in morphine consumption compared with placebo over the first 24 h following lumbar disc surgery; however, paracetamol 500 mg did not show the expected opioid-sparing effect comparatively.Agri: Agri (Algoloji) Dernegi'nin Yayin organidir = The journal of the Turkish Society of Algology 10/2011; 23(4):153-9.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of lidocaine alone and those of morphine or tramadol when added to lidocaine for intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA) on tourniquet pain, the onset and regression time of motor and sensory block, the level and duration of analgesia, and analgesic consumption. After institutional approval and informed consent, 90 patients scheduled for forearm or hand surgery were enrolled and randomly assigned to one of three groups for administration of either 0.5% lidocaine (Group L), 0.5% lidocaine with 1.5 mg.kg(-1) tramadol (Group LT), or 0.5% lidocaine with 0.1 mg.kg(-1) morphine (Group LM) in a volume of 40 ml. The onset and duration of sensory and motor blocks, duration of analgesia and proximal and distal tourniquet, time to first pain medication, visual analog scale (VAS) scores, analgesic requirements in 24 hours, vital signs, and side effects were recorded. Sensory block onset time was significantly shorter in Group LM compared with the other groups and also in Group LT compared to Group L. In addition, sensory block regression time was significantly shorter in Group L than in Group LM (p<0.05). There was a significant increase in VAS scores at the postoperative 4th and 5th hr in Group L (p<0.05). Mean arterial blood pressure was significantly reduced in Group LM at the time of tourniquet deflation (p<0.05). IVRA with lidocaine and morphine or tramadol improves postoperative analgesia and sensory block. However, these combinations provide no advantage on tourniquet pain, motor block quality, analgesia duration or analgesic consumption.Agri: Agri (Algoloji) Dernegi'nin Yayin organidir = The journal of the Turkish Society of Algology 02/2009; 21(1):22-8.