ABSTRACT: The design and synthesis of AX7574, a microcystin-derived probe for serine/threonine phosphatases, is described. A key step in the synthesis was the conjugation under basic conditions of a tetramethylrhodamine 1,3-diketone derivative to the arginine side chain present in microcystin-LR. The resulting conjugate specifically labeled the active site of protein phosphatases 1 (PP-1) with a 1:1 stoichiometry and IC50 of 4.0 nM. AX7574 was used to isolate and identify PP-1, PP-2A, PP-4, and PP-6 in Jurkat cells. Finally, AX7574 was able to record changes in the phosphatase activity levels of calyculin A treated Jurkat cells versus untreated control cells.
Bioconjugate Chemistry 06/2004; 15(4):790-8. · 4.93 Impact Factor