Toshiaki Tsukamoto

Hirosaki University, Khirosaki, Aomori Prefecture, Japan

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Publications (5)6.3 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We examined changes in neutrophil function of soccer players over a 10-month period and determined its effectiveness as an index for athlete physical condition. Subjects included 21 male professional Japanese soccer players. Data on body composition, myogenic enzymes and neutrophil function were obtained before and after 2 h of training at 3 investigation points: one week before opening season, at season mid-point, and one week before the last game of the season. As a result, change ratios of myogenic enzyme levels before and after the 2-hr training session at the third investigation point were significantly higher compared to the two other points. Reactive oxygen species production and phagocytic activity significantly increased after 2-hr training session at point 1, although the extent of the increase became smaller over time and ROS production capability decreased significantly by point 3 assessment. Fatigue, especially muscle fatigue, chronically accumulated along with a gradual decrease in neutrophil immune function over the 10-month season. Therefore, determination of neutrophil function can be used as a useful index to assess and understand an athlete's physical condition. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Luminescence 02/2012; 28(2). DOI:10.1002/bio.2350 · 1.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In order to examine in detail the influence on the neutrophil immune function in sumo wrestlers of performing traditional and original training we examined changes in the neutrophil immune function in 17 male amateur university sumo wrestlers (aged 20.2 +/- 1.5 years), before ('Pre') and after the training ('Post') for 2.5 h under fasting conditions. Assays included blood leukocyte and neutrophil counts, serum concentration of immunoglobulins, complements, myogenic enzymes and neutrophil oxidative burst activity (OBA) and phagocytic activity (PA). Myogenic enzymes, neutrophil counts, the ratio of neutrophil counts:leukocyte counts significantly increased and immunoglobulins and complements decreased in Post compared with Pre. There was a positive correlation between the change of neutrophil counts before and after the training and the change of creatine kinase (r = 0.667, p < 0.01). The Post OBA significantly increased and PA significantly decreased compared with Pre. It was concluded that sumo training causes muscular damage and an increase in the neutrophil count as a response. In this time, although OBA increased, PA decreased after training. Compensation between PA and reactive oxygen species production may exist to maintain the overall integrity of the neutrophil immune function.
    Luminescence 01/2008; 23(3):115-20. DOI:10.1002/bio.1017 · 1.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the dietary fiber (DF) intake pattern among the Japanese general population. We performed a dietary survey among the general population in northern Japan to evaluate the intake patterns. DF intake was calculated by substituting the DF content of each food in the Dietary Fiber Table for the intake of each food from this dietary survey. Five hundred and seventy-seven subjects participated in the study, 198 men and 379 women. In subjects with higher DF intakes the origins of the DF that were from all food groups, but with the notable exception of rice. The contribution of the seaweed group was of particular interest. From multiple regression analysis, as for food group, seaweeds showed the highest positive correlation with DF intake in both genders, followed by vegetables, pulses, fruits. On the other hand, rice showed the negative correlation with DF intake in both genders. As for life factor, body mass index showed the negative correlation with DF intake in women. Seaweed, a typical Japanese food, was most related to the increase in DF intake for the Japanese general population, whereas rice, the Japanese staple, had a small influence on decreased DF intake.
    European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 02/2007; 61(1):99-103. DOI:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602505 · 2.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sumo wrestling is a very powerful and competitive contact sport played by extremely fit and highly trained competitors. Due to the extremely competitive nature of the sport and the required training, injuries are common both during training and the actual competition. Long-term lay-up of the competitor has to be avoided in order to maintain the level of muscle tone and mental concentration generated by the grueling training, so postinjury recovery time is kept to a minimum. A noninvasive therapy is therefore required, and the recent interest in the successful application of low level laser therapy (LLLT) in pain attenuation for a large number of pain types suggested that it might offer a new tool for sumo-related injuries. The current trial, with ten sports university sumo wrestlers, examined the effect of LLLT on injuries of the knee (five subjects) and foot (five subjects), using laser speckle flowmetry to assess the possible increase in superficial blood flow which has been associated with both pain attenuation and accelerated wound healing. An 830 nm 60 mW GaAlAs diode LLLT system was applied on one point for 5 min (approximately 15 J/cm2), and laser speckle flowmetry was performed before, during, immediately after, at 30 min and 60 min after irradiation. Decreased blood flow was seen intrairradiation, but an increase, significant in 7 of the 10 subjects was seen immediately postirradiation. This was maintained at significantly elevated levels in 4 subjects, while the remaining six decreased slightly, but in all ten subjects elevated levels of superficial blood flow were seen at one hour postirradiation, compared with preirradiation. LLLT is noninvasive, easy to apply, well tolerated and adverse side effect free. It is suggested that, following further trials to elucidate dosimetry and possible wavelength specificity, LLLT may well offer an exciting new tool to the sports clinician treating injured sumo wrestlers.
    01/2005; 14(2):83-86. DOI:10.5978/islsm.14.83
  • 01/2005; 14(1):37-40. DOI:10.5978/islsm.14.37

Publication Stats

23 Citations
6.30 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007–2012
    • Hirosaki University
      • Department of Social Medicine
      Khirosaki, Aomori Prefecture, Japan