[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We analyzed changes in immunologic values over time for 28 hospitalized patients with pandemic (H1N1) 2009. Levels of interleukin-6, interferon-y, and interleukin-10 increased 1 day after illness onset and then decreased to baseline levels. Levels of virus-specific antibody were undetectable 1 day after illness onset and peaked 36 days later.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Assessment of detection of IgM antibodies for human enterovirus 71 (EV 71) in early diagnosis for the hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD).
The sera and throat swabs from 38 patients which were clinical diagnosis as HFMD, were continuous daily collected in our hospital in 2010. These specimens were detected by EV 71 IgM antibodies assay, real time RT-PCR methods for EV 71 and Enterovirus.
Among 38 HFMD patients, the cumulative positive rates of EV 71 IgM antibodies were: 60.5% on day 1, 71.1% on day 2, 81.5% in the first 3-4 days, 92.1% on day 5, 92.1% on day 6, and the positive rate of nucleic acid detected by the real time RT-PCR for EV 71 and Enterovirus were 60.5%, 73.6%.
The positive rate of EV 71 IgM antibodies in the hand, foot and mouth disease just can occur on day 1, and reach to peak on day 5, which can be used as one of indicators of early diagnosis of hand, foot and mouth disease.
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology 04/2011; 25(2):140-2.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To verify a new kit of "universal and novel influenza A (H1N1) virus nucleic acid double-detection methods (PCR-fluorescence probe)".
150 cases of throat swab specimens were collected consecutively. After RNA was extracted, the specimens were detected by the verified kit. At the same time, the same specimens were detected by Real-time PCR diagnostic kit from Beijing CDC as the control. The data were analysed by the Kappa in agreement and by McNemar chi2 in difference test.
The consistency rate of the verified kit and the Beijing CDC kit was universal primer M 97.33%, H1N1 98.67% respectively. The Kappa test and McNemar chi2 test showed that two methods had a higher consistency. Compared to the CDC kit, the "false negative rate" and "false-positive rate"of double-check kit were lower.
The kit of "universal and novel influenza A (H1N1) virus nucleic acid double-detection methods (PCR-fluorescence probe)" from Shanghai Kehua Bio-Engineering Co., Ltd can be used to detect influenza A and novel influenza A (H1N1).
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology 02/2011; 25(1):14-6.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To analysis the clinical and laboratory characteristics of Patients infected with new influenza A (HIN1) virus.
All cases with new influenza A (H1N1) confirmed on polymerase chain reaction assay on throat swabs. There were included in a prospective evaluation of clinical characteristics, laboratory results, treatment and overcome of new influenza A (H1N1).
There were 35 patients in the epidemic. Clinical illness developed within a mean of 1.7 days. Fever occurred in 97.1%, sore throat 65.7% cough 51.4%, headache 28.6%, and myalgia 31.4%. All patients were treated with oseltamivir lasted 5 days. The mean duration of viral shedding was 4.5 days. All were cured and left hospital after day 7.
It was infected by new influenza A (H1N1) typically in this epidemic.
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology 04/2010; 24(2):134-5.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To monitor the constituents and resistant tendency of bacterial pathogens isolated from diarrheal patients in our hospital form 1994 to 2005 to offer the basis for guiding epidemiologic study, vaccination research and clinical treatment.
Enteric pathogenic bacteria were cultured and identified to species, group and serotype with biochemical and serologic methods and the susceptibility of bacteria to antimicrobial agents were tested.
Enteric pathogenic bacteria were isolated predominantly in male patients and mainly in children and youngsters. It reached a peak from July to September every year. Shigella spp. (75.11%) was the most frequently isolated pathogens and followed by Vibrio spp. (12.7%), Salmonella spp. (6.28%), Aeromonas spp. (4.43%) and Escherichia coli (1.25%). During the period from 1994 to 2005, diarrheal pathogens had a trend of decrease especially Shigella spp. and Salmonella spp. Of the 6329 isolates of Shigella spp., 75.62% was S. flexneri and S. sonnei, S. dysenteriae and S. boydii constituted 23.98%, 0.22% and 0.01% respectively. The sensitivity of different species, group or serotype to different antimicrobial agents was not the same. S. flexneri and Aeromonas spp. were highly resistant to most of antibiotics. However, S. sonnei and Vibrio spp. had good susceptibility to antibiotics tested except trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole and ampicillin.
There are many species and serotypes of enteric pathogenic bacteria causing infective diarrhea and the distribution changes gradually in Beijing. The resistance rate of enteric pathogenic bacteria to antibiotics is not the same in different species and serotypes, so strict surveillance is always needed.
Zhonghua nei ke za zhi [Chinese journal of internal medicine] 05/2008; 47(4):304-7.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study the status of beta-lactamase produced by multiresistant Aeromonas selected from cirrhosis patients to provide reference for treatment and reduce resistance and control spreading.
Four multiresistant Aeromonas strains isolated from serious liver cirrhosis patients from the No. 302 hospital. The TEM resistant genes were detected by PCR and agarose gel electrophoresis.
Three TEM-1 positive strains were detected from four multiresistant Aeromonas isolates consisting of one Aeromonas sobria and three Aeromonas hydrophila isolated from blood and ascites. This was further confirmed by gene sequencing. The multiresistance to antibiotics was higher in four Aeromonas isolates. All strains tested were resistant to ampicillin, cefazolin and cefmetazole.The cirrhosis patients who suffered from Aeromonas infection had poor prognosis and had mortality rate of 3/4.
The beta-lactamase TEM-1 resistant genes was detected in clinical multiresistant Aeromonas strain isolated from serious cirrhosis patients.The results suggested that TEM-1 was the main resistance mechanism of Aeromonas strain and was reduced by adding enzyme inhibitor.
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology 04/2005; 19(1):43-5.