Tamás Szoke

University of Szeged, Szeged, Csongrad megye, Hungary

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Publications (10)4.84 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In this retrospective study, we present our experiences and results with lobectomy performed through video-assisted mini thoracotomy (VAMT), a technique that we have been using since 2006. Method and patients: In the first half of 2006 10 video-assisted lobectomies were performed in our department. There were eight women and two men; the mean age was 61.4 (47-68) years. The indications for surgery were the following: benign lesions in three cases, T1N0 squamous lung cancers proved by cytology in six patients, and another case, when the CT suggested - but cytologically not proved - T1N0 lung cancer. After a double lumen endotracheal tube intubation and videothoracoscopic exploration, a 6-8 cm mini thoracotomy was performed. Manual palpation of the lung parenchyma, resection with mediastinal block dissection (in cases of malignancy) was carried out through a 2 cm wide rib spread, without rib resection. Five lower, four upper lobe lobectomies and one upper bilobectomy were performed. There was no perioperative mortality or serious morbidity detected. The mean operative time was 130 (80-200) minutes. The three benign lesions were hamartochondromas. The final histology revealed four T1N0 and two T2N2 stage squamous cell lung cancers, while one T1N2 small cell lung cancer was also found. Lobectomy performed through a video-assisted mini thoracotomy is a safe procedure. The manual palpation, parenchyma resection and mediastinal block dissection can be performed similarly to open procedures.
    Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery) 03/2008; 61(1):29-32.
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    ABSTRACT: Extended thymectomy is the key-point of the surgical treatment of the myasthenia gravis (MG), when the thymus with the surrounding fatty tissue on the neck and in the mediastinum is removed. In this study we present a new surgical technique introduced into our practice in November 2004, and with that the thymectomy is performed with video-thoracoscopic method, without sternotomy. Since November 2004, 6 patients (5 females and 1 male) were operated on for MG. Mean age was 26.2 years (17-41). Symptoms of MG was only ocular in 1 case (Stage I) and mild generalized in 5 cases (Stage II/B). The average preoperative period of the MG was 4 months (1-12). At the beginning of the surgery, the superior poles of the thymus were exposed and the fatty tissue surrounding the thymus in front of the trachea was removed. After that, the sternum was elevated with sternal retractors inserted under the sternum in the cervical and in a subxiphoid incisions. The thymectomy with the removal of the mediastinal fatty tissue was performed with bilateral video-assisted method. Mean operative time was 170 (120-210) minutes. There was no conversion to sternotomy, and there were no mortality and serious morbidity. Patients were extubated in the operating room. Chest tubes were removed on the first and second postoperative days. Mean postoperative hospitalization was 6.3 (5-7) days. At the one-month follow-up, there was 1 complete remission and 5 remissions with medication. In 1 case, the pathology revealed extrathymic thymus tissue in the cervical fat. There were 3 thymus hyperplasias, 2 thymitis and 1 thymic cyst as the pathological disorders of the thymus. The video-assisted extended thymectomy for MG, that was introduced into our practice, is a safe surgical procedure with good results. The postoperative period is easier for the patients, and the MG was improved in each cases.
    Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery) 05/2006; 59(2):112-6.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of our study was the determination of microvascularization and its prognostic significance in lung cancer patients. Histological sections were prepared from paraffin-embedded tissues removed from the peripheral part of the tumor of 450 radically operated non-small cell and small cell lung cancer patients. Immunohistochemical staining was performed with antibody against factor VIII-associated antigen. During computer imaging, the absolute and relative parameters of vascularization were determined, as was the density of tumor cells situated to the nearest neighboring vessels. The results were compared with TNM status, the cell type and survival. T2 and T4 tumors demonstrated an enhanced vascularization, however, except for the surface fraction, statistically significant difference was not found. The microvascularization parameters did not differ significantly between tumors with different N status. In small cell lung cancer cases, the vascularization was stronger than in non-small cell lung cancer cases, while cell density was lower, however, these differences did not prove statistically significant. The survival rate decreased significantly with the increasing tumor cell density in the interval of 0-20 microm. A clear connection could not be demonstrated between vascularization and the appearance of lymph node metastases. The density of tumor cells measured in the direct vicinity of vessels proved an important prognostic factor.
    Magyar Onkológia 02/2006; 50(1):47-53.
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the expression of endogenous adhesion/growth-regulatory lectins and their binding sites using labeled tissue lectins as well as the binding profile of hyaluronic acid as an approach to define new prognostic markers. Sections of paraffin-embedded histological material of 481 lungs from lung tumor patients following radical lung excision processed by a routine immunohistochemical method (avidin-biotin labeling, DAB chromogen). Specific antibodies against galectins-1 and -3 and the heparin-binding lectin were tested. Staining by labeled galectins and hyaluronic acid was similarly visualized by a routine protocol. After semiquantitative assessment of staining, the results were compared with the pT and pN stages and the histological type. Survival was calculated by univariate and multivariate methods. Binding of galectin-1 and its expression tended to increase, whereas the parameters for galectin-3 decreased in advanced pT and pN stages at a statistically significant level. The number of positive cases was considerably smaller among the cases with small cell lung cancer than in the group with non-small-cell lung cancer, among which adenocarcinomas figured prominently with the exception of galectin-1 expression. Kaplan-Meier computations revealed that the survival rate of patients with galectin-3-binding or galectin-1-expressing tumors was significantly poorer than that of the negative cases. In the multivariate calculations of survival lymph node metastases (p < 0.0001), histological type (p = 0.003), galectin-3-binding capacity (p = 0.01), galectin-3 expression (p = 0.03) and pT status (p = 0.003) proved to be independent prognostic factors, not correlated with the pN stage. The expression and the capacity to bind the adhesion/growth regulatory galectin-3 is defined as an unfavorable prognostic factor not correlated with the pTN stage.
    Oncology 01/2005; 69(2):167-74. · 2.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of our study was to analyse the results of surgical treatment in lung cancer cases. Between 1990 and 1999, 860 patients were operated on for primary lung cancer. In 775 patients (90.1%), resection was performed, 85 patients underwent explorative thoracotomy. The 5-year survival rate was 45.3%, the mean survival time was 47 months. In the univariate analysis, the radicality of the resection (p < 0.0001), the pT stage (p < 0.0001), the pN stage (p < 0.0001) and the histological type (p = 0.0039) had a significant correlation with the survival. The survival was not influenced whether N2 lymph node metastases were observed at one or more level. In the multivariate survival calculations sex (p = 0.024), histological type (p = 0.006), pT classification (p = 0.002) and the pN classification (p < 0.0001) proved to be independent prognostic factor. The pM status did not affect the survival. Postoperative complications were observed in 242 of patients (28.2%). The most frequent complication were expansions problems (9.7%), bronchial stump insufficiency (3.3%), retention of bronchial secretion (2.1%) and cardiac complications (7.1%). 26 patients died, the 30-day mortality rate was 2.8%. 32 reoperations were necessary (3.7%). Our results indicate that non-small-cell lung cancer can be operated on with good survival possibilities and limited risk, in selected cases even with more advanced tumour stages.
    Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery) 12/2004; 57(6):325-31.
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    ABSTRACT: The changes occurring in response to antituberculotic treatment and immune defence were studied in human tuberculotic granulomas. To compare the possibilities of detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis with the Ziehl-Neelsen staining technique and with an immunohistochemical method, and to assess the roles of lymphocytes and heat-shock protein 70. 40 patients who had undergone lung resection (the postoperative histology confirmed tuberculosis) were divided into two equal groups, on the basis of whether they had received antituberculotic treatment preoperatively (group I) or not (group II). Customary histology was used to determine the Langhans cells, epitheloid cells and lymphocytes, and an immunohistochemical method was then applied to examine the heat-shock protein 70 production of these cells and the normal lung. The lymphocytes were divided into CD4+ T-helper, CD8+ T-cytotoxic and CD20+ B cells by means of immune examinations. M. tuberculosis was demonstrated by an immunohistochemical method, with antibody against the wall protein. Heat-shock protein 70 was produced by 17.6% of the Langhans cells and 94.4% of the epitheloid cells in group I, and by 100% of both cell types in group II. The bacterium could be detected in 40% of the total number of cases with acid-fast staining, and in 85% by immunohistochemistry. There was no significant difference in the qualitative distribution of the lymphocytes in the granulomas in groups I and II. The heat-shock protein 70 levels of the tuberculotic granuloma and the normal lung were significantly higher in group II. The production of heat-shock protein 70 is more enhanced in untreated tuberculotic cases. On the basis of their heat-shock protein 70 production, the authors assume that a majority of the Langhans cells have a resting protective function in medically treated cases. Independently of the stage of the infection and of the use or not of antituberculotic treatment, the number of lymphocytes participating in the immune defence is constant. By means of immunohistochemical examination of the wall protein of M. tuberculosis, the presence of the tuberculotic disease can be demonstrated with high reliability.
    Orvosi Hetilap 08/2003; 144(27):1347-52.
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    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of pulmonary adenocarcinoma has risen worldwide. Bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (BAC) was studied with regard to whether it exhibits a similar tendency, and its typical features were analysed. Between 1992 and 2001, 278 lung resections were carried out for adenocarcinoma. Of these, 67 (24.1%) proved to involve BAC. Whereas BAC accounted for 6.9% of the cases in 1992, in 2001 the proportion was 46.9%. There were 37 men (55.2%) and 30 women (44.7%); the average age was 60.5 years. 58.2% of them had no complaints. Of the 26 non-smokers, 69.2% were women; of the 41 smokers, 29.2% were women. In consequence of the tumour, 49 lobectomies, three bilobectomies, six pneumonectomies and nine wedge resections were performed. The surgical mortality was 1.6%. The pathology revealed that 26 (38.8%) tumours were in stage I/A. In 15 cases (22.4%), tuberculosis (TB) could be revealed besides the BAC: by skin tests in four cases, by CT in three cases, by case history in four cases, and by pathology in four cases. For the overall group of 67 patients, the 5-year survival rate was 61.9%, and the mean survival time was 75.7 months. The 5-year survival rate among the women (74%) was significantly better than that among the men (37%) (P=0.030). There was no significant difference in survival with regard to the multiple BAC (85%). The 5-year survival rate was significantly worse in the mixed BAC group (20%) than in the non-mucinous (62.7%) and in mucinous (59%) group. The overall 5-year survival rate among the smokers and TB patients was 61 and 79%, respectively, which is higher than that among the non-smokers (47%) and non-TB patients (56%). The survival rate for the wedge resection cases was 37%, which was lower than that for the cases involving major resections (60%) (P=0.939). BAC has a favourable survival, particularly in women. In spite of this, resection smaller than lobectomy is recommended only as a compromise. A multiple appearance does not imply a worse survival. The best survival rate was found in the non-mucinous BAC among the histological groups. TB seems to be frequent among BAC patients.
    European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery 06/2003; 23(5):818-23. · 2.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: One of the subtypes of pulmonary adenocarcinoma, bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (BAC), is mentioned as the lung cancer of non-smoking women. We have studied the clinical characteristics of BAC and its surgical treatment. Between 1992 and 2001, lung resections for BAC were performed on 101 patients: 55 men and 46 women, average age 59.7 years. Thirty-two of the patients were non-smokers, and 69 were active smokers. In 1992 the incidence of BAC was 17.5% of all adenocarcinomas, whereas in 2001 it had risen to 51.6%. The operations involved 76 lobectomies, 12 pulmonectomies, 11 wedge resections and 2 explorative thoracotomies. The surgical mortality was 0.9%. The final histologic findings revealed that 82.1% of the tumours were in stages I or II, with 33.7% of the total in stage I/A. The average 5-year survival was 64.3%. Survival for women 75%, was significantly better than that for men, 51% (p=0.045). A significant difference was not found in the 5-year survival rate for multiple tumours or for BAC cases of different histological types. The incidence of BAC, which occurs relatively frequently among women, and exhibits a relatively favourable course, has tended to increase in recent years. A majority of these tumours are removed in an early stage. The survival is not significantly poorer in the event of multiple tumours.
    Magyar Onkológia 02/2003; 47(4):349-53.
  • J Furák, I Troján, T Szóke
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    ABSTRACT: To report our VATS procedure and results in the treatment of PTX. Between 1992-1995, 156 patients with primary PTX were admitted and drained. On the basis of permanent air leak, lung reexpansion and type of PTX, 78 patients were operated on by VATS with early indications. In first episode PTX cases we performed "emergency VATS" in haemopneumothorax and "early or late acute VATS" between 8-48 hours after acute drainage in the others. In recurrent cases "late acute VATS" was done in 24 hours after acute drainage with permanent air leak. We performed "under water-test". In 57 Vanderschueren stage II-III-IV cases the lung disorders and the place of air leakage were resected. In 21 Vanderschueren stage I cases "blind apical resection" was performed. We carried out pleural abrasion, and two pleural drains were inserted. In every "blind resection" case the pathology revealed lung disorders: cystic deformation, fibrosis or inflammation. We had no operative deaths. In 1 case because of intercostal artery bleeding, thoracotomy had to be performed. We had 1 recurrent PTX. There was no late complications. The early indications reduced the hospitalization. The "blind apical resections" remove abnormal lung tissue, diagnose the underlying lung disease and the metal staples can cause adhesion reaction in the apex region.
    Acta chirurgica Hungarica 02/1999; 38(2):151-4.
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    ABSTRACT: The prognostic value of visceral pleural infiltration in lung metastasis was analysed. Fifty-two patients (32 males and 20 females) were operated on for lung metastases. The locations of the primary tumours were as follows: 19 colon, 10 kidneys, 8 melanomas, 3 breast, 3 bladder, 2 uterus, 2 osteosarcomas, 1 testis, and 1 parotid, 1 haemangiopericytoma, 1 thyroid gland and 1 larynx. Explorative thoracotomies and incomplete resections were excluded from the study. Visceral pleural infiltration was present in 20 of the 52 cases. There was a significant correlation between the occurrence of pleural infiltration and multiple lesions (Ps0.019). The overall five-year survival rate was 33.6%. In a subgroup of 38 patients with N0 and single metastases, the five-year survival rate was 73% and 12% in the cases without and with visceral pleural infiltration, respectively (Ps0.003). Multivariate analysis of pleural infiltration, lymph node metastasis, multiple lesions and DFI revealed that only pleural infiltration (Ps0.003) had a significant impact on survival. In one-third of the pulmonary metastases, visceral pleural infiltration appeared. There was a significant correlation between the occurrence of visceral pleural infiltration and multiple lesions. Visceral pleural infiltration in lung metastasis is a negative prognostic factor, and in these cases, survival was significantly reduced. 2007 Published by European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.