ABSTRACT: The outer membrane protein A of Acinetobacter baumannii (AbOmpA) is an important pathogen-associated molecular pattern that induces host cell death. We determined the gene expression profiles of human laryngeal epithelial HEp-2 cells in response to the sublethal concentration of recombinant AbOmpA (rAbOmpA) and investigated the molecular mechanisms by which rAbOmpA induces an innate immune response. The microarray analysis showed that rAbOmpA sequentially regulated a relatively small set of genes, including those associated with signal transductions and molecules involved in immune response. Among the differentially expressed genes involved in innate immune responses, the surface expression of Toll-like receptor 2 and the production of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) were prominently observed. However, rAbOmpA did not induce the production of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines. rAbOmpA activated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). Inhibition of JNK MAPK suppressed iNOS production in the rAbOmpA-treated HEp-2 cells. These results suggest that interaction of laryngeal epithelial cells with AbOmpA has a significant impact on the induction of innate immunity during the early stages of A. baumannii infection.
FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology 07/2008; 54(1):45-52. · 2.44 Impact Factor