Stinne P Schmidt

Aarhus University, Aarhus, Central Jutland, Denmark

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Publications (5)15.18 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Primary cell cultures were investigated as a tool for molecular diagnostics in a forensic setting. Fibroblast cultures had been established from human Achilles tendon resected at autopsies, from cases of sudden infant death syndrome and control infants who died in traumatic events (n=41). After isolation of primary cultures cells were stored at -135°C, and re-established up to 15 years later for experimental intervention. Growth characteristics in cultures were evaluated in relation to the age of the donor, the post mortem interval before sampling, and the storage interval of cells before entry into the study. High interpersonal variation in growth rates and cell doubling time was seen, but no statistically significant differences were found with increasing age of the donor (mean 19 weeks), length of post-mortem interval prior to sampling (6-100h), or increase in years of storage. Fibroblast cultures established from post-mortem tissue are renewable sources of biological material; they can be the foundation for genetic, metabolic and other functional studies and thus constitute a valuable tool for molecular and pathophysiological investigations in biomedical and forensic sciences.
    Forensic science international 01/2014; 234:149-53. · 2.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to investigate stress gene expression in cultured primary fibroblasts established from Achilles tendons collected during autopsies from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases, and age-matched controls (infants dying in a traumatic event). Expression of 4 stress responsive genes, HSPA1B, HSPD1, HMOX1, and SOD2, was studied by quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR analysis of RNA purified from cells cultured under standard or various thermal stress conditions. The expression of all 4 genes was highly influenced by thermal stress in both SIDS and control cells. High interpersonal variance found in the SIDS group indicated that they represented a more heterogeneous group than controls. The SIDS group responded to thermal stress with a higher expression of the HSPA1B and HSPD1 genes compared to the control group, whereas no significant difference was observed in the expression of SOD2 and HMOX1 between the two groups. The differences were related to the heat shock treatment as none of the genes were expressed significantly different in SIDS at base levels at 37°C. SOD2 and HMOX1 were up regulated in both groups, for SOD2 though the expression was lower in SIDS at all time points measured, and may be less related to heat stress. Being found dead in the prone position (a known risk factor for SIDS) was related to a lower HSPA1B up-regulation in SIDS compared to SIDS found on their side or back. The study demonstrates the potential usefulness of gene expression studies using cultured fibroblasts established from deceased individuals as a tool for molecular and pathological investigations in forensic and biomedical sciences.
    Forensic science international 10/2013; 232(1-3):16-24. · 2.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Variations in the gene ACADS, encoding the mitochondrial protein short-chain acyl CoA-dehydrogenase (SCAD), have been observed in individuals with clinical symptoms. The phenotype of SCAD deficiency (SCADD) is very heterogeneous, ranging from asymptomatic to severe, without a clear genotype-phenotype correlation, which suggests a multifactorial disorder. The pathophysiological relevance of the genetic variations in the SCAD gene is therefore disputed, and has not yet been elucidated, which is an important step in the investigation of SCADD etiology. To determine whether the disease-associated misfolding variant of SCAD protein, p.Arg107Cys, disturbs mitochondrial function. We have developed a cell model system, stably expressing either the SCAD wild-type protein or the misfolding SCAD variant protein, p.Arg107Cys (c.319 C > T). The model system was used for investigation of SCAD with respect to expression, degree of misfolding, and enzymatic SCAD activity. Furthermore, cell proliferation and expression of selected stress response genes were investigated as well as proteomic analysis of mitochondria-enriched extracts in order to study the consequences of p.Arg107Cys protein expression using a global approach. We found that expression of the p.Arg107Cys variant SCAD protein gives rise to inactive misfolded protein species, eliciting a mild toxic response manifested though a decreased proliferation rate and oxidative stress, as shown by an increased demand for the mitochondrial antioxidant SOD2. In addition, we found markers of apoptotic activity in the p.Arg107Cys expressing cells, which points to a possible pathophysiological role of this variant protein.
    Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease 04/2011; 34(2):465-75. · 4.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress are central to the molecular basis of several human diseases associated with neuromuscular disabilities. We hypothesize that mitochondrial dysfunction also contributes to the neuromuscular symptoms observed in patients with ethylmalonic aciduria and homozygosity for ACADS c.625G>A-a common variant of the short-chain acyl-coenzyme A (CoA) dehydrogenase (SCAD) enzyme in the mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation pathway. This study sought to identify the specific factors that initiate cell dysfunction in these patients. We investigated fibroblast cultures from 10 patients with neuromuscular disabilities, elevated levels of ethylmalonic acid (EMA) (>50 mmol/mol creatinine), and ACADS c.625G>A homozygosity. Functional analyses, i.e., ACADS gene and protein expression as well as SCAD enzyme activity measurements, were performed together with a global nano liquid chromatography tandem mass spectroscopy (nano-LC-MS/MS)-based screening of the mitochondrial proteome in patient fibroblasts. Moreover, cell viability of patient fibroblasts exposed to menadione-induced oxidative stress was evaluated. Loss of SCAD function was detected in the patient group, most likely due to decreased ACADS gene expression and/or elimination of misfolded SCAD protein. Analysis of the mitochondrial proteome in patient fibroblasts identified a number of differentially expressed protein candidates, including reduced expression of the antioxidant superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2). Additionally, patient fibroblasts demonstrated significantly higher sensitivity to oxidative stress than control fibroblasts. We propose that reduced mitochondrial antioxidant capacity is a potential risk factor for ACADS c.625G>A-associated ethylmalonic aciduria and that mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to the neurotoxicity observed in patients.
    Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease 06/2010; 33(3):211-22. · 4.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the in vivo handling of human short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (SCAD) variant proteins, three transgenic mouse lines were produced by pronuclear injection of cDNA encoding the wild-type, hSCAD-wt, and two disease causing folding variants hSCAD-319C>T and hSCAD-625G>A. The transgenic mice were mated with an SCAD-deficient mouse strain (BALB/cByJ) and, in the second generation, three mouse lines were obtained without endogenous SCAD expression but harboring hSCAD-wt, hSCAD-319C>T, and hSCAD-625G>A transgenes, respectively. All three lines had expression of the transgene at the RNA level in liver, muscle or brain tissues. Expression at the protein level was detected only in the brain tissue of hSCAD-wt mice, but here it was significantly higher than the level of endogenous SCAD protein in control mouse brains--in correlation with expression at the RNA level. The results may indicate that the two hSCAD folding variants are degraded by the mouse mitochondrial protein quality control system. Indeed, pulse-chase studies with isolated mitochondria revealed that soluble variant hSCAD protein was rapidly eliminated. This is in agreement with the fact that no disease phenotype developed for any of the lines transgenic for the hSCAD folding variants. The indicated remarkable efficiency of the mouse protein quality control system in the degradation of SCAD folding variants should be further substantiated and investigated, since it might indicate ways to prevent disease-causing effects.
    Molecular Genetics and Metabolism 06/2007; 91(2):128-37. · 2.83 Impact Factor