Stacey D. Lockyer

The University of Manchester, Manchester, England, United Kingdom

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Publications (6)17.52 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 100 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
    ChemInform 05/2010; 33(20). DOI:10.1002/chin.200220127
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    ABSTRACT: A series of water soluble N(1)- and C(6)-substituted uracil pyridinium compounds were prepared as potential inhibitors of thymidine phosphorylase (TP). The C(6)-uracil substituted derivatives were the most active. 1-[(5-Chloro-2,4-dihydroxypyrimidin-6-yl)methyl]pyridinium chloride, was identified as the best inhibitor being 5-fold more potent than the known inhibitor, 6-amino-5-bromouracil.
    Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 04/2002; 10(3):525-30. DOI:10.1016/S0968-0896(01)00309-1 · 2.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The bioreductive drug tirapazamine (TPZ, SR 4233, WIN 59075) is a lead compound in a series of potent cytotoxins that selectively kill hypoxic rodent and human solid tumour cells in vitro and in vivo. Phases II and III trials have demonstrated its efficacy in combination with both fractionated radiotherapy and some chemotherapy. We have evaluated the generality of an enzyme-directed approach to TPZ toxicity by examining the importance of the one-electron reducing enzyme NADPH:cytochrome P450 reductase (P450R) in the metabolism and toxicity of this lead prodrug in a panel of seven human non-small-cell lung cancer cell lines. We relate our findings on TPZ sensitivity in these lung lines with our previously published results on TPZ sensitivity in six human breast cancer cell lines (Patterson et al (1995) Br J Cancer 72: 1144-1150) and with the sensitivity of all these cell types to eight unrelated cancer chemotherapeutic agents with diverse modes of action. Our results demonstrate that P450R plays a significant role in the activation of TPZ in this panel of lung lines, which is consistent with previous observations in a panel of breast cancer cell lines (Patterson et al (1995) Br J Cancer 72: 1144-1150; Patterson et al (1997) Br J Cancer 76: 1338-1347). However, in the lung lines it is likely that it is the inherent ability of these cells to respond to multiple forms of DNA damage, including that arising from P450R-dependent TPZ metabolism, that underlies the ultimate expression of toxicity.
    British Journal of Cancer 01/2000; 81(7):1127-33. DOI:10.1038/sj.bjc.6690819 · 4.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A number of thiazolyl indolequinones have been prepared and evaluated for their antitumor properties. The compounds were synthesized from the appropriate indole, building up the thiazole ring using the Hantzsch reaction. Cytotoxic activity was determined in the human breast cancer SKBr3 cell line. Selected compounds were also studied in human lung carcinoma A549 and PV9 cell lines. In addition, some compounds were evaluated for their possible bioreductive action by determining their cytotoxicity towards V79 Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts in air and under anaerobic (hypoxic) conditions.
    Anti-Cancer Drugs 08/1999; 10(6):577-89. DOI:10.1097/00001813-199907000-00010 · 1.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A series of indolequinones bearing a variety of leaving groups at the (indol-3-yl)methyl position was synthesized by functionalization of the corresponding 3-(hydroxymethyl)indolequinone, and the resulting compounds were evaluated in vitro as bioreductively activated cytotoxins. The elimination of a range of functional groups-carboxylate, phenol, and thiol-was demonstrated upon reductive activation under both chemical and quantitative radiolytic conditions. Only those compounds which eliminated such groups under both sets of conditions exhibited significant hypoxia selectivity, with anoxic:oxic toxicity ratios in the range 10-200. With the exception of the 3-hydroxymethyl derivative, radiolytic generation of semiquinone radicals and HPLC analysis indicated that efficient elimination of the leaving group occurred following one-electron reduction of the parent compound. The active species in leaving group elimination was predominantly the hydroquinone rather than the semiquinone radical. The resulting iminium derivative acted as an alkylating agent and was efficiently trapped by added thiol following chemical reduction and by either water or 2-propanol following radiolytic reduction. A chain reaction in the radical-initiated reduction of these indolequinones (not seen in a simpler benzoquinone) in the presence of a hydrogen donor (2-propanol) was observed. Compounds that were unsubstituted at C-2 were found to be up to 300 times more potent as cytotoxins than their 2-alkyl-substituted analogues in V79-379A cells, but with lower hypoxic cytotoxicity ratios.
    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 08/1998; 41(15):2720-31. DOI:10.1021/jm970744w · 5.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A series of regioisomeric analogues of 3-hydroxymethyl-5-aziridinyl-1-methyl-2-[1H-indole-4,7-dione]prop-2-en-1 -ol (EO9, NSC 382459) with the hydroxymethyl and hydroxypropenyl substituents situated at either the 2- or the 3-position of the indole ring were synthesized. The compound lacking the 2-hydroxypropenyl substituent (31) had similar properties to EO9 under both aerobic and hypoxic conditions against V79 cells and was more potent against a human tumour cell line (A549) than EO9. It was reduced by human DT-diaphorase (DTD) at more than double the rate of EO9, thus implicating the importance of the enzyme activation step. Compound 16 (lacking the 3-hydroxymethyl substituent) was a better substrate for human DTD than EO9, yet exhibited lesser toxicity under both aerobic and hypoxic conditions. The toxicity generated by 16 was attributed to the 5-aziridinyl moiety and suggests a greater contribution from the 3-substituent over the 2-substituent. The toxicity of EO9 was attributed to a combination of the aziridinyl group and the leaving group properties of the 3-hydroxymethyl substituent. In general, compounds with a 5-methylaziridinyl moiety, such as EO8, exhibited substantially better hypoxia-selectivity due to much slower reduction by DTD (20-fold), thus reducing aerobic potency. All compounds had similar electron affinities, as indicated by their one-electron reduction potentials.
    Anti-cancer drug design 04/1998; 13(2):105-23. · 2.38 Impact Factor