ABSTRACT: P-selectin plays a key role in inflammation and atherosclerosis, and polymorphic variants of P-selectin were implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic and inflammatory changes, including coronary heart disease (CHD) in many ethnic groups. We investigated the contribution of P-selectin promoter (-2123C/G, -1969G/A) and exon (Ser290Asn, Asn562Asp, Thr715Pro) polymorphisms to CHD genetic susceptibility among 298 Tunisian CHD patients and 339 controls. Minor allele and genotype frequencies of the five P-selectin SNPs were comparable between patients and controls, except for -2123G/G genotype which was more frequent in cases. The 715Pro allele was present at lower frequency in Tunisians than in Europeans, and was not protective of CHD. Linkage disequilibrium was seen between -1969G/A, and both Ser290Asn and Asn562Asp. Five-loci haplotype analysis did not identify any CHD-protective or CHD-susceptible haplotypes. To our knowledge, this was the first case-control study to be performed on an Arab/North-African population, and demonstrates that none of the five P-selectin polymorphisms investigated influence CHD susceptibility in Tunisian Arabs.
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 01/2009; 28(3):314-9. · 1.48 Impact Factor