S Migoh

Kyushu University, Fukuoka-shi, Fukuoka-ken, Japan

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Publications (3)9.17 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the prognostic significance of changes in the Doppler hepatic vein (HV) waveforms in cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension and the mechanisms of these changes. A total of 103 consecutive patients were included in this study and their HV waveforms were classified into four types: type I, triphasic waveform; type II, biphasic waveform; type III, biphasic waveform with reduced phasic oscillations; and type IV, a flat waveform. Type I was observed in 34, type II in 40, type III in 23, and type IV in six patients. The 5-year survival rates were 90%, 89%, 41%, and 0% in type I, II, III, and IV, respectively. Five variables including the Child-Pugh score, albumin, bilirubin, ascites, and HV waveform significantly correlated with the survival in a univariate analysis. A multivariate analysis only identified the HV waveform (type III and IV) to be an independent prognostic value. Even in Child-Pugh class B patients, the 5-year survival rate for type III or IV was as poor as 26% in comparison to 92% for type I or II. In contrast, in Child-Pugh class C patients, the 5-year survival rate for type I or II was as good as 63% in comparison to 25% for type III or IV. Furthermore, the changes in HV waveforms correlated with the extent of hepatic fibrosis, the increase in portal perfusion per liver volume, or the decrease in portal vascular resistance. Analyzing the HV waveforms was thus found to be a simple method for accurately assessing the prognosis in cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 11/2007; 23(7 Pt 2):e129-36. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the role of endothelin (ET)-1 in portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) under portal hypertension, in order to investigate whether the ET(A/B) receptor inhibitor improves the permeability of gastric mucosal microvessels in PHG. Portal hypertensive rats (PVL) and sham-operated rats (CTR) were prepared and then the concentration of plasma ET-1 was measured and the vasopressor response to ET-1 was compared between the two groups. The plasma ET-1 levels in PVL increased significantly compared with CTR; however, the vasopressor response to ET-1 in PVL decreased more than in CTR. Next, the portal venous pressure was measured in both CTR and PVL pretreated with or without a nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor, N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), before the injection of ET-1. The portal venous pressure of PVL after receiving ET-1 and being pretreated with L-NAME significantly increased in comparison to the pressure of PVL treated with ET-1 alone (without L-NAME). Moreover, Evans-Blue was injected into each rat and the absorbancy of the gastric contents was measured. The absorbancy of Evans-Blue in PVL increased significantly compared with CTR; however, the absorbancy in PVL+ ET(A/B) receptor inhibitor (Ro47-0203) decreased significantly more than in PVL. This study showed that ET-1 is a potent vasoconstrictive substance that also has a transitory vasodilative response through NO induced by ET-1 in portal hypertension. In addition, it was found that the vascular permeability of the gastric mucosa increased in portal hypertension and that Ro47-0203 inhibited the hyper-permeability. Accordingly, ET-1 may, thus, play an important role in the development of PHG through NO induced by ET-1. Ro47-0203 may, therefore, be a useful substance for improving PHG in portal hypertension.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 03/2000; 15(2):142-7. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic splenectomy has been demonstrated to be technically feasible and safe for the treatment of immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), hereditary spherocytosis, and Hodgkin's disease. The study comprised 76 consecutive patients with chronic ITP who were admitted to our hospital from 1968 to 1997 and underwent splenectomy; 35 patients underwent a laparoscopic splenectomy, and 41 had open surgery. Laparoscopic splenectomy involved minimal incision, and a significantly lower frequency of analgesia was required for postoperative abdominal pain (1.4 versus 3.3); postoperative hospital stay was shorter (9.6 versus 20.1 days, P <0.05). Operative time was significantly longer for the laparoscopic surgery (204.5 versus 99.8 minutes, P <0.01), but blood loss was less (154.4 versus 511.7 g, P <0.01). During the present study (range 3.8 to 80 months), accumulative nonrecurrence rate was 67.9% in 5 years after surgery, which is similar to that of the previous open splenectomy. Laparoscopic splenectomy can become an alternative therapeutic modality in the treatment of ITP.
    The American Journal of Surgery 04/1999; 177(3):222-6. · 2.52 Impact Factor