ABSTRACT: Chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), a hematopoietic stem cell disorder is characterized by the expression of BCR-ABL. To investigate the effects of BCR-ABL on multipotent hematopoietic cells, a temperature sensitive BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase was expressed in the cell line, FDCP-Mix. BCR-ABL mediated an increase in c-kit expression that correlated with an enhanced mitogenic response to SCF. This was not observed in the absence of Bcr-Abl kinase activity or presence of the BCR-ABL inhibitor STI571, which also inhibits c-kit. When cultured in a combination of SCF plus G-CSF the FDCP-Mix cells undergo neutrophilic differentiation over a 7-10 day period. When BCR-ABL was active there was a marked inhibition of cell maturation compared to control cells in which BCR-ABL was either inactive or not present. However, BCR-ABL did not block differentiation as the cells eventually undergo terminal maturation. These data argue that BCR-ABL is directly responsible for the enhanced response to SCF reported in CML progenitor cells. Furthermore, although the primary effect of STI571 is via direct inhibition of BCR-ABL, STI571 additionally reduces the enhanced response to SCF. Thus there are two sites of STI571 action of potential importance in Bcr-Abl expressing cells.
Oncogene 06/2002; 21(19):3068-75. · 6.37 Impact Factor