Publications (2)2.4 Total impact
Article: The small GTPase RhoA has greater expression in small cell lung carcinoma than in non-small cell lung carcinoma and contributes to their unique morphologies.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The two major forms of lung carcinoma, small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) and non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), are clinically distinct, and are also differentiated by morphology and behavior in culture. SCLC cells have a greater metastatic potential than NSCLC cells in vivo, and exhibit a unique spherical morphology in culture due to their inability to adhere and spread on the substratum. Because the small GTPase RhoA affects metastatic properties and regulates cell morphology, we examined whether differences in RhoA expression and activity contribute to the distinct SCLC and NSCLC phenotypes. We found that the expression and GTPgammaS-dependent activation of RhoA are generally greater in SCLC cell lines (SCC-9, NCI-H69, NCI-H146, and NCI-H345) than in NSCLC cell lines (NCI-H23, NCI-H157, NCI-H520, and NCI-H522). The effects of inhibiting Rho-mediated signaling in these cells were investigated by transfecting the cells with cDNA coding for C3 exoenzyme, which ADP-ribosylates and inactivates Rho. Expression of C3 exoenzyme in SCLC cells induces cell-cell compaction, and causes NCI-H345 cells to adhere and spread on collagen IV. In contrast, expression of C3 exoenzyme in NSCLC cells does not induce detectable compaction, but induces cell spreading of NCI-H23 and NCI-H157 cells. Cell proliferation is diminished by Rho inactivation in the majority of the NSCLC cell lines, but not the SCLC cell lines. Expression of p21Cip1/WAF1 is also diminished by Rho inactivation in two of the SCLC cell lines, but is not significantly altered in the NSCLC lines. These results indicate that Rho-mediated signaling may regulate different events in SCLC and NSCLC cells, including adhesion of SCLC cells and proliferation of NSCLC cells.International Journal of Oncology 04/2003; 22(3):671-81. · 2.40 Impact Factor
Article: Activation of Transfected M1or M3Muscarinic Acetylcholine Receptors Induces Cell–Cell Adhesion of Chinese Hamster Ovary Cells Expressing Endogenous Cadherins[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Expression of endogenous cadherins by Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells has not been previously reported. However, we observed that CHO cells adhere to one another upon activation of transfected muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChR), suggesting that the cells express endogenous cadherins. A 160-base pair RT-PCR product with 100% homology to the cytoplasmic domain of human E-cadherin was amplified from CHO cells. A second RT-PCR product amplified from these cells has 92% homology to the cytoplasmic domain of human cadherin-9 and 86% homology to the cytoplasmic domain of human cadherin-6. Western blotting indicates that CHO cells express a 165-kDa protein recognized by E-cadherin antibodies and a 120-kDa protein recognized by an antibody to the cadherin C-terminus sequence. The ability of transfected mAChR subtypes to regulate cadherin-mediated adhesion of CHO cells was tested by measuring the permeation of horseradish peroxidase across confluent CHO cell monolayers, by microscopic examination of the cells, and by aggregation assays. Cell–cell adhesion is induced within 15 min of activating transfected M1or M3mAChR which functionally couple to protein kinase C (PKC). In contrast, CHO cell adhesion is not affected by activating transfected M2mAChR which functionally couple to other effectors. Activation of PKC with phorbol esters also induces cell–cell adhesion of all CHO sublines tested. Immunofluorescence assays reveal that endogenous cadherins redistribute on the plasma membrane of CHO cells following mAChR or PKC activation. Inactivation of cadherins by removal of extracellular Ca2+abrogates adhesion induced by mAChR or PKC activation. Our demonstration that activation of only odd-numbered mAChR subtypes induces cadherin-mediated adhesion suggests that the unique responses of cells to M1or M3mAChR stimulation may involve cadherin activation.Experimental Cell Research.