ABSTRACT: N-Arachidonoyl dopamine (NADA) is an endogenous lipid that modulates signal transduction in neuronal and immune pathways. NADA activates the non-selective cation channel, transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV(1)) and cannabinoid receptor 1. That NADA is comprised of an arachidonic acid (AA) backbone suggests that it may be metabolized through many of the enzymes that act upon AA such as the other AA-derived signaling lipids, the endogenous cannabinoids. To investigate the metabolism of NADA through the cytochrome P450 (CYP450) metabolic pathway, we studied the in vitro rat liver microsomal production of hydroxylated metabolites and their activity at recombinant human TRPV(1) receptors. We showed that following microsomal activation in the presence of NADA, omega and (omega-1) hydroxylated metabolites (19- and 20-HETE-DA) were formed. These metabolites were active at recombinant human TRPV(1) receptors, inducing a dose-dependent calcium influx. Both metabolites exhibited lower potency compared to NADA. We conclude that CYP450 enzymes are capable of metabolizing this signaling lipid forming a larger family of potential neuromodulators.
Prostaglandins & other lipid mediators 10/2008; 88(1-2):10-7. · 2.70 Impact Factor