ABSTRACT: We report the case of a 70 years old patient hospitalized for renal insufficiency and deterioration of the general state. The electrophoresis of serum proteins on freezing of agarose reveals the presence of a discrete peak of monoclonal pace on the level of the gammaglobulines identified by serum immunofixation like IgM of the kappa type. The research of the cryoglobulinemia carried out in a laboratory of city was made positive and typified like a monoclonal cryoglobulinemia IgM kappa, thus directing the diagnosis towards a disease of Waldenström. However, the result of the biopsy medullary made exclude any lymphoprolifératif syndrome. The positivity of the serology of hepatitis B justified a second request for study of the cryoglobulinemia, carried out within our laboratory. The cryoglobuline was typified like mixed (IgM kappa monoclonal and IgG polyclonales). This result associated with the immunological assessment and the renal biopsy made retain for our patient the diagnosis of a kidney vasculitis connected to an infection chronicle by the virus of hepatitis B. This observation points out the interest of the preanalytic, analytic and post analytic phases in the study of the cryoglobulinemias. A good technical control is today the only guarantee of the quality of the result of this examination which has large importance in internal medicine in the etiologic assistance with the diagnosis of certain clinical demonstrations.
Annales de biologie clinique 65(6):643-6. · 0.34 Impact Factor