Rosa A Pérez

Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria, Madrid, Madrid, Spain

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Publications (5)14.98 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A sensitive analytical method is presented for the simultaneous determination of four synthetic estrogens and six steroid hormones in sludge-amended soil. The method employs matrix solid-phase dispersion (MSPD) followed by isotope dilution gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry injecting a large volume sample (10μL) after trimethylsilyl derivatization, using the solvent vent mode. It affords good resolution, high sensitivity and reproducibility and freedom from interferences even from complex matrices as soil amended with sewage sludge. The limits of detection (LODs) ranged from 10 to 300pgg with testosterone and progesterone having the highest limits. Soil amended with sewage sludge was spiked at 2, 10, 25 and 50ngg and the recoveries after MSPD with acetonitrile:methanol (90:10, v/v), ranged from 80 to 110% with relative standard deviations ≤9%. The method was applied to the analysis of six soil samples collected from agricultural plots and forested fields that had been amended with sewage sludge using isotopically labeled surrogates. Three of the synthetic estrogens studied were found at least in one of the six samples analyzed and trans-androsterone and estrone were the only natural hormones detected, although at very low levels (≤0.4ngg).
    Journal of Chromatography A 03/2013; 1283:39-45. DOI:10.1016/j.chroma.2013.01.113 · 4.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Spreading sewage sludge on agricultural lands has been actively promoted by national authorities as an economic way of recycling. However, as by-product of wastewater treatment, sewage sludge may contain toxic substances, which could be incorporated into agricultural products or be distributed in the environment. Moreover, sediments can be contaminated by the discharge of wastewater effluents into rivers. This article reviews the determination of emerging contaminants (surfactants, flame retardants, pharmaceuticals and personal care products) in environmental solid samples (sludge, soil and sediment). Sample preparation, including extraction and clean-up, as well as the subsequent instrumental determination of contaminants are discussed. Recent applications of extraction techniques, such as Soxhlet extraction, ultrasound assisted extraction, pressurised liquid extraction, microwave assisted extraction and matrix solid-phase dispersion to the analysis of emerging contaminants in environmental solid samples are reviewed. Determination of these contaminants, generally carried out by gas chromatography and liquid chromatography coupled with different detectors, especially mass spectrometry for the identification and quantification of residues, is also summarised and discussed.
    Central European Journal of Chemistry 06/2012; 10(3). DOI:10.2478/s11532-011-0157-9 · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The determination of organic contaminants in soil is a real challenge due to the large number of these compounds with quite different physico-chemical properties. In the present work, an analytical method was developed for the simultaneous determination in soil of 40 organic contaminants belonging to different chemical classes: polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, UV filters, parabens, bisphenols and triclosan. Soil was extracted by pressurized liquid extraction and the extracts, without the need of a clean-up step, were analyzed by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry after in situ derivatization in the gas chromatographic system. In the pressurized liquid extraction step, two extraction cycles were performed with a mixture of ethyl acetate-methanol (90:10, v/v) at 80 °C. Recovery of these contaminants from soil samples spiked at levels ranging from 30 to 120 ng g(-1) was satisfactory for most of the compounds. The developed procedure provided detection method limits from 0.1 to 2.5 ng g(-1). The analysis of soil samples collected in different agricultural fields confirmed the presence of some of the studied contaminants. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were the main contaminants detected, parabens and polychlorinated biphenyls were also found but at relatively low concentration levels, 2-ethylhexyl salicylate was the UV filter that appeared most frequently at levels ranging from 17.2 to 43.4 ng g(-1) and triclosan was found in eight out of fourteen samples, at relatively low concentration levels (0.8-28.6 ng g(-1)).
    Journal of Chromatography A 05/2012; 1248:9-17. DOI:10.1016/j.chroma.2012.05.078 · 4.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Headspace solid-phase microextraction (SPME), followed by gas chromatography (GC)-mass spectrometry (MS) determination, has been used for the analysis of honey volatiles. Two SPME fibers were employed to study the composition of volatiles from various types of Spanish honeys. The best results were obtained with the Carboxen/PDMS fiber, using a homogenization time of 1 h at 70 degrees C and a sampling period of 30 min. A total of 35 compounds were detected, most of them identified by GC-MS and quantified using external standards. Differences in the composition of honey volatiles were obtained, and these results allowed the differentiation of honeys. However, further studies are necessary to confirm the utility of this technique as an alternative tool for the characterization of the floral origin of honeys.
    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 05/2002; 50(9):2633-7. DOI:10.1021/jf011551r · 3.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Solid-phase microextraction was applied for the analysis of a mixture of potential attractants for palm weevils, constituted by seven organic compounds. Various fibers, coated with different sorbent phases, were used in this study and the best results were obtained with the polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)/divinylbenzene (DVB) and the Carboxen/PDMS fibers. A waiting time of 5 min before sampling was adequate for sample homogenisation and a sampling time of 30 min was used to obtain good extraction efficiencies. A complete desorption of the analytes into the injection port of the gas chromatograph was achieved with an injection time of 1 min. The detection limit of the method ranged from 0.29 to 156 ng/ml for the different components of the mixture, with a lower detection limit for the compounds with higher affinity for the fiber coating. This method was used in the analysis of volatiles released from a diffuser filled with the attractant mixture.
    International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry 03/2001; 79(3):229-240. DOI:10.1080/03067310108044401 · 1.32 Impact Factor