[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to better characterize the hematological, biochemical, respiratory, cardiovascular and electroneurophysiological parameters in young adult Cercopithecus aethiops sabaeus of both sexes. The rhesus and cynomolgus monkeys are widely used as experimental primate models. However, only few articles have been published testing toxicological effects of pharmaceuticals on African green monkey.
The present study was carried out with the recompilation of all parameters recorded before the first drug administration in five sub-chronic or chronic toxicological studies performed on 66 Cercopithecus aethiops sabaeus, born in Cuba.
This study provides hematological, biochemical, respiratory, cardiovascular and electroneurophysiological data for both choosing animals to be included into experiments and monitoring these parameters during the study.
We conclude that this study provides valuable integrated data for determining the health status, including electroneurophysiological parameters, data not previously reported for this species, of the African green monkey.
Journal of Medical Primatology 03/2010; 39(3):177-86. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0684.2010.00410.x · 0.89 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nimotuzumab (h-R3) is a humanized anti-epidermal growth factor receptor monoclonal antibody (mAb) registered for treating head and neck tumours. The present study was designed to evaluate the systemic and skin toxicity of chronic intravenous administration of the h-R3 in a relevant species demonstrated by comparing the h-R3 binding affinity constants (Kd) in microsomal placental fractions from Homo sapiens and Cercopithecus aethiops monkeys using an EGF-Receptor radioligand competition assay. The Kd obtained for Nimotuzumab were 9.1 x 10(-8) M for monkeys and 4.5 x 10(-8) M for humans. Monkeys (n = 18) were distributed into 3 groups with 3 animals of each sex in each group. Group I received saline; group II received 2.85 mg/kg of h-R3; and group III received 28.57 mg/kg of the h-R3, which represent 1 and 10 times the human dose, and they were weekly intravenously treated during 26 weeks. During the study there were no deaths. Electroneurophysiological, sanguine chemistry and haematological results did not evidence alterations. Areas of haematomas, probably related with the administration procedure, were observed at the administration zones of all animals. The electrocardiography study showed at the end of the study a slight increase in the cardiac frequency of four treated animals without other signs. Unexpectedly, skin biopsies and a detailed clinical inspection of the animals did not detect the presence of cutaneous rash or any other skin toxicity sign reported for the majority of the anti-EGF-R monoclonal antibodies. It is concluded that doses up to 28.5 mg/kg of h-R3, intravenously administered during 26 weeks to Cercopithecus aethiops monkeys, do not produce considerable toxic effects.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: GM3 is a ganglioside that has been biochemically identified as dominating the cell surface of several human tumours, but is also found on human normal cells at much lower density. Since GM3 is widely distributed in essentially all types of animal cells, there is a conflict with the concepts of tumour-associated antigen, immunogen, and toxicity. We have designed a GM3-based cancer vaccine for the treatment of human breast and melanoma tumours. Prior to the Phase I clinical trial, we carried out a 12-month dose repeated toxicity study in five male Macaca fascicularis monkeys. Four male monkeys were treated with placebo in a similar way. During the study, no differences were observed between control and treated monkeys related to daily clinical observations (other than local damage) including rectal temperature, blood pressure, respiratory and cardiac rates, weight gain, biochemical and hematological parameters (with the exception of transitory pathological changes), and anti-DNA and anti-nuclear antibodies, although treated monkeys consistently developed both IgM- and IgG-specific anti-GM3 antibodies. Sixty per cent of treated monkeys developed moderate local reactions at the injection site, which disappeared without sequels. We concluded that this GM3 cancer vaccine overcame in monkeys the natural tolerance to GM3 ganglioside evidenced by a strong immune response, while the local reactions elicited-were transitory without apparent important systemic toxicity effects.