[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The increasing interest in natural products from a renewable source has encouraged growers to reintroduce indigo-producing crops into the European agriculture. We studied agronomic conditions (sowing date, plant density, nitrogen fertilization, irrigation rate, seedling transplanting) influencing production of the blue pigment indigo, from Isatis tinctoria and I. indigotica crops in a Mediterranean region of Spain (Valencia). I. tinctoria was more suitable for cultivation in our climate conditions than I. indigotica. Indigo yield from Spanish I. tinctoria trials was greater than in Northern and Central Europe. Furthermore, indigo production was maintained when water and nitrogen supplies were significantly restricted, showing that I. tinctoria is not a high-demanding crop.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Protein synthesis is very sensitive to NaCl. However, the molecular targets responsible for this sensitivity have not been described. A cDNA library of the halotolerant plant sugar beet was functionally screened in a sodium-sensitive yeast strain. We obtained a cDNA clone (BveIF1A) encoding the eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF1A. BveIF1A was able to partially complement the yeast eIF1A-deficient strain. Overexpression of the sugar beet eIF1A specifically increased the sodium and lithium salt tolerance of yeast. This phenotype was not accompanied by changes in sodium or potassium homeostasis. Under salt stress conditions, yeast cells expressing BveIF1A presented a higher rate of amino acid incorporation into proteins than control cells. In an in vitro protein synthesis system from wheat germ, the BveIF1A recombinant protein improved translation in the presence of NaCl. Finally, transgenic Arabidopsis plants expressing BveIF1A exhibited increased tolerance to NaCl. These results suggest that the translation initiation factor eIF1A is an important determinant of sodium tolerance in yeast and plants.
The Plant Journal 06/2003; 34(3):257-67. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-313X.2003.01719.x · 5.97 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Salinity is an important limiting factor in plant growth and development. We have cloned a catalytic subunit of the sugar beet protein kinase CK2 (BvCKA2) by functional expression in yeast of a NaCl-induced cDNA library. BvCKA2 was able to increase the yeast tolerance to NaCl and to functionally complement the cka1 cka2 yeast double mutant upon over-expression. Southern blot analysis indicated that, in sugar beet, the BCKA2 gene is a member of a multigene family. The mRNA levels of BvCKA2 were up-regulated in response to NaCl stress which suggests that protein kinase CK2 may be involved in the plant response to salt stress.