ABSTRACT: More than two-thirds of patients with gastric cancer present with metastatic disease and their curative options are limited. This phase II study assessed the efficacy and tolerability of cisplatin, epirubicin, tegafur-uracil (UFT) and leucovorin in patients with metastatic gastric cancer (MGC). Thirty-nine patients with previously untreated metastatic or unresectable gastric cancer received intravenous cisplatin 60 mg/m2 and epirubicin 50 mg/m2 on day 1 of a 28-day cycle; UFT 300 mg/m2 was administered with oral leucovorin 30 mg/day in divided doses on days 1-22, followed by a 7-day rest. Two patients achieved a complete response, 13 had a partial response (overall response rate 38%; 95% confidence interval [CI] 24-52%) and 16 patients (41%) had stable disease. Median time to progression was 6.5 months (95% CI 5.5-7.5 months); overall survival was 9.5 months (95% CI 8.5-13.5 months). Grade 3/4 neutropenia, anemia, and thrombocytopenia occurred in 20%, 8%, and 3% of patients, respectively; two patients experienced febrile neutropenia. Grade 3 diarrhea occurred in three patients. The combination of cisplatin, epirubicin, UFT, and leucovorin has significant activity and tolerable toxicities in patients with MGC and represents a convenient treatment option for these patients.
Acta Oncologica 02/2007; 46(3):324-9. · 3.33 Impact Factor