[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Livedoid vasculopathy is characterized by painful purpuric lesions on the extremities which frequently ulcerate and heal with atrophic scarring. For many years, livedoid vasculopathy has been considered to be a primary vasculitic process. However, there has been evidence considering livedoid vasculopathy as an occlusive vasculopathy due to a hypercoagulable state. We present the case of livedoid vasculopathy in a 21-year-old female who had been suffering of painful lower extremity lesions of 3 years duration. The patient was found to be lupus anticoagulant positive and homozygous for methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T mutation. The patient was successfully treated with low-molecular-weight heparin.
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 05/2012; 34(4):541-4. · 1.99 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Renal venous thrombosis (RVT) is a rare but a well recognized entity in children and neonates. The clinical signs of neonatal RVT include hypertension, enlarged kidney(s), hematuria, renal insufficiency, proteinuria, thrombocytopenia, or all. Persisting impairment of kidney function and hypertension are serious and common complications in patients with RVT. Risk factors for the development of RVT include maternal diabetes mellitus, pathologic states associated with thrombosis (e.g., shock, dehydration, perinatal asphyxia, polycythemia), and sepsis. Inherited prothrombotic abnormalities have been described in some reports of RVT. We report the case of a male newborn with left RVT and associated homozygosity for both factor V Leiden (G1691A) and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T mutations in addition to elevated serum lipoprotein (a). The patient was treated with heparin. We believe our case to be the first reported case in the English medical literature of such an association between neonatal RVT and homozygosity for both factor V Leiden and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase. This case and other studies clearly demonstrate that neonatal RVT should be evaluated for thrombophilia conditions.
Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis: an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis 07/2009; 20(6):458-60. · 1.25 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tumor hypoxia is a common feature of many cancers. A master regulator of hypoxic response is the transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1). It functions as a master regulator of oxygen and undergoes conformational changes in response to varying oxygen concentrations. In this paper, we review what has been described about HIF-1: its structure, its regulation and target genes, its role in cancer, and its implication for cancer therapy.
Critical reviews in oncology/hematology 02/2009; 70(2):93-102. · 5.27 Impact Factor