[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cancer-associated protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) mutations usually are gain-of-function (GOF) mutations that drive tumor growth and metastasis. We have found 50 JAK1 truncating mutations in 36 of 635 gynecologic tumors in the Total Cancer Care® (TCC®) tumor bank. Among cancer cell lines containing JAK1 truncating mutations in the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia databank, 68% are gynecologic cancer cells. Within JAK1 the K142, P430, and K860 frame-shift mutations were identified as hot spot mutation sites. Sanger sequencing of cancer cell lines, primary tumors, and matched normal tissues confirmed the JAK1 mutations and showed that these mutations are somatic. JAK1 mediates interferon (IFN)-γ-regulated tumor immune surveillance. Functional assays show that JAK1 deficient cancer cells are defective in IFN-γ-induced LMP2 and TAP1 expression, loss of which inhibits presentation of tumor antigens. These findings identify recurrent JAK1 truncating mutations that could contribute to tumor immune evasion in gynecologic cancers, especially in endometrial cancer.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Quantitative Assay Database (QuAD), http://proteome.moffitt.org/QUAD/, facilitates widespread implementation of quantitative mass spectrometry in cancer biology and clinical research through sharing of methods and reagents for monitoring protein expression and modification.
Liquid chromatography coupled to multiple reaction monitoring (LC-MRM) mass spectrometry assays are developed using SDS-PAGE fractionated lysates from cancer cell lines. Pathway maps created using GeneGO Metacore provide the biological relationships between proteins and illustrate concepts for multiplexed analysis; each protein can be selected to examine assay development at the protein and peptide levels.
The coupling of SDS-PAGE and multiple reaction monitoring mass spectrometry screening has been used to detect 876 peptides from 218 cancer-related proteins in model systems including colon, lung, melanoma, leukemias, and myeloma, which has led to the development of 95 quantitative assays including stable-isotope-labeled peptide standards. Methods are published online and peptide standards are made available to the research community. Protein expression measurements for heat shock proteins, including a comparison with ELISA and monitoring response to the HSP90 inhibitor, 17-(dimethylaminoethylamino)-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-DMAG), are used to illustrate the components of the QuAD and its potential utility.
This resource enables quantitative assessment of protein components of signaling pathways and biological processes and holds promise for systematic investigation of treatment responses in cancer.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) plays an important role in cancer by activating downstream signals important in growth and survival. Inhibitors of EGFR are frequently selected as treatment for cancer including lung cancer. We performed an unbiased and comprehensive search for EGFR phosphorylation events related to somatic activating mutations and EGFR inhibitor (erlotinib) sensitivity. EGFR immunoprecipitation combined with high resolution liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and label free quantitation characterized EGFR phosphorylation. Thirty (30) phosphorylation sites were identified including 12 tyrosine (pY), 12 serine (pS), and 6 threonine (pT). Site-specific phosphorylation was monitored by comparing ion signals from the corresponding unmodified peptide. Phosphorylation sites related to activating mutations in EGFR as well as sensitivity to erlotinib were identified using 31 lung cancer cell lines. We identified three sites (pY1092, pY1110, pY1172) correlated with activating mutations and three sites (pY1110, pY1172, pY1197) correlated with erlotinib sensitivity. Five sites (pT693, pY1092, pY1110, pY1172, and pY1197) were inhibited by erlotinib in concentration-dependent manner. Erlotinib sensitivity was confirmed using liquid chromatography coupled to multiple reaction monitoring (LC-MRM) and quantitative Western blotting. This LC-MS/MS strategy can quantitatively assess site-specific EGFR phosphorylation and can identify relationships between somatic mutations or drug sensitivity and protein phosphorylation.
Journal of Proteome Research 11/2010; 10(1):305-19. · 5.06 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Reaction monitoring mass spectrometry has emerged as a powerful tool for targeted detection and quantification of proteins in clinical samples. Here, we report the use of gel electrophoresis for protein fractionation and liquid chromatography coupled to multiple reaction monitoring mass spectrometry (LC-MRM) screening for quantitative analysis of components from the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway, which contributes to colon tumor formation and progression. In silico tools are used to design LC-MRM screens for each target protein. Following successful peptide detection, stable isotope labeled peptides are synthesized and developed as internal standards. Then, the assays are implemented in colon cancer cell lines to achieve detection in minimal amounts of cells, compatible with direct translation to clinical specimens. Selected assays are compared with qualitative results from immunoblotting (Westerns) and translated to individual frozen colon tissue sections and laser capture microdissected tumor cells. This LC-MRM platform has been translated from in vitro models to clinical specimens, forming the basis for future experiments in patient assessment.
Journal of Proteome Research 08/2010; 9(8):4215-27. · 5.06 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Peptide-based proteomics supports identification and quantification as well as localization of post-translational modifications (PTMs) within proteins extracted from biological samples. The 'bottom-up' approach involves the digestion of proteins into peptide fragments that can be detected and sequenced with liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). A web-based application, iPEP, was developed to compare the effectiveness of different proteolytic digests in detecting specific sequences. Furthermore, peptide populations can be examined to help optimize detection of certain groups of proteins relative to the proteome and the digested peptidome. The application reports proteolytic peptide sequences, theoretical molecular weights and functional annotations using Gene Ontology (GO) terms. The iPEP tool can assist with experimental design by maximizing the detection of proteins, consensus sites and modified residues of interest for individual proteins or as part of large-scale proteomic assays. AVAILABILITY: http://ipep.moffitt.org
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Peptide-based proteomics supports identification and quantifica- tion as well as localization of post-translational modifications (PTMs) within proteins extracted from biological samples. The "bottom-up" approach involves the digestion of proteins into pep- tide fragments that can be detected and sequenced with liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC- MS/MS). A web-based application, (iPEP), was developed to compare the effectiveness of different proteolytic digests in detect- ing specific sequences. Furthermore, peptide populations can be examined to help optimize detection of certain groups of proteins relative to the proteome and the digested peptidome. The applica- tion reports proteolytic peptide sequences, theoretical molecular weights, and functional annotations using Gene Ontology (GO) terms. The iPEP tool can assist with experimental design by maxi- mizing the detection of proteins, consensus sites, and modified residues of interest for individual proteins or as part of large scale proteomic assays. Availability: http://ipep.moffitt.org