[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: poly(ADP ribose) polymerase inhibition has been shown to potentiate the cytotoxicity of DNA damaging agents. A phase I study of rucaparib and temozolomide showed that full-dose temozolomide could be given during PARP inhibition. We report the results of a phase II study of intravenous rucaparib 12 mg/m(2) and oral temozolomide 200 mg/m(2) on days 1-5 every 28 days in patients with advanced metastatic melanoma. METHODS: Patients with chemotherapy naïve measurable metastatic melanoma, performance status ≤2 and good end-organ function were recruited. Treatment was given until progression. A two stage phase II design was used, with response rate the primary endpoint. Population pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics were also explored. RESULTS: Forty-six patients were recruited with 37 patients receiving at least 2 cycles and 17 patients at least 6 cycles. Myelosuppression occurred with 25 patients (54 %) requiring a 25 % dose reduction in temozolomide. The response rate was 17.4 %, median time to progression 3.5 months, median overall survival 9.9 months, and 36 % of patients were progression-free at 6 months. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that temozolomide (150-200 mg/m(2)/day) can safely be given with a PARP inhibitory dose of rucaparib, increasing progression-free survival over historical controls in metastatic melanoma patients.
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 02/2013; · 2.80 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: One mechanism of tumor resistance to cytotoxic therapy is repair of damaged DNA. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-1 is a nuclear enzyme involved in base excision repair, one of the five major repair pathways. PARP inhibitors are emerging as a new class of agents that can potentiate chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The article reports safety, efficacy, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic results of the first-in-class trial of a PARP inhibitor, AG014699, combined with temozolomide in adults with advanced malignancy.
Initially, patients with solid tumors received escalating doses of AG014699 with 100 mg/m2/d temozolomide x 5 every 28 days to establish the PARP inhibitory dose (PID). Subsequently, AG014699 dose was fixed at PID and temozolomide escalated to maximum tolerated dose or 200 mg/m2 in metastatic melanoma patients whose tumors were biopsied. AG014699 and temozolomide pharmacokinetics, PARP activity, DNA strand single-strand breaks, response, and toxicity were evaluated.
Thirty-three patients were enrolled. PARP inhibition was seen at all doses; PID was 12 mg/m2 based on 74% to 97% inhibition of peripheral blood lymphocyte PARP activity. Recommended doses were 12 mg/m2 AG014699 and 200 mg/m2 temozolomide. Mean tumor PARP inhibition at 5 h was 92% (range, 46-97%). No toxicity attributable to AG014699 alone was observed. AG014699 showed linear pharmacokinetics with no interaction with temozolomide. All patients treated at PID showed increases in DNA single-strand breaks and encouraging evidence of activity was seen.
The combination of AG014699 and temozolomide is well tolerated, pharmacodynamic assessments showing proof of principle of the mode of action of this new class of agents.
Clinical Cancer Research 01/2009; 14(23):7917-23. · 7.84 Impact Factor