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ABSTRACT: In the present study, our objectives were to evaluate the prevalence of -866G/A mutation of UCP2 gene and to study its influence on the phenotype of obese children (11-12 years old) from Navarra. BACKGROUND AND STUDY SETTING: Obesity is a disease with a multifactorial origin that may related be to the presence of mutations and polymorphisms in several candidate genes. The gene of the uncoupling protein UCP2 is one of the most studied ones in relation to obesity because it seems to participate in body composition and several metabolic processes control. Three polymorphisms have been described for this gene: an insertion/deletion of 45 nucleotides, a nucleotide change of guanine for adenine in -866 position, an another change that replaces alanine for valine at amino acid position 55. According to several studies, the -866G allele is related to an increased risk of developing obesity, although the results are contradictory about this association in the literature.
The study was carried out on 125 obese children (52% male), aged 11-12 years, selected through the Pediatric Endocrinology Departments of Clínica Universitaria and Hospital Virgen del Camino of Pamplona (Spain), the reported results on this association are contradictory.
After checking the inclusion criteria, anthropometrical data (weight, height, BMI, tricipital and subscapular skinfolds) were taken, and the percentage of fat mass was measured by bioelectrical impedance. Besides, plasma levels of total cholesterol, glucose, insulin, and leptin were measured. DNA was extracted from white blood cells to determine the genotype by PCR technique followed by BstUI digestion and further visualization in agarose gel with 2% ethidium bromide.
The genetic analysis revealed a 0.404 frequency of the allele A, with a percentage of individuals G/G, G/A, and A/A of 40.0%, 39.2%, and 20.8%, respectively. Carriers of the A allele had a significantly higher sum of tricipital and subscapular folds (p = 0.034). No significant differences between mutant and non-mutant subjects with regard to the studied biochemical variables were observed.
Subjects carrying the polymorphism present higher values of tricipital and subscapular skinfolds as compared to non-mutant subjects, which may indicate a relationship between the presence of the A allele in obese children and higher amounts of subcutaneous fat.
Nutricion hospitalaria: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Nutricion Parenteral y Enteral 21(1):52-6. · 1.25 Impact Factor