R Duncan Johnson

Jules Stein Eye Institute, Maryland, United States

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Publications (2)4.27 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the difference in corneal biomechanical properties, after controlling for potentially confounding factors, along the spectrum of keratoconic disease as measured by the keratoconus severity score. The corneal biomechanical properties of 73 keratoconic (KCN) eyes of 54 patients, 42 forme fruste keratoconic (FFKCN) eyes of 32 patients, and 115 healthy eyes of 115 age- and sex-matched patients were reviewed retrospectively. The main outcome measures were corneal hysteresis (CH) and corneal resistance factor (CRF). In the normal group, the mean CH was 11.0 ± 1.4 mm Hg and mean CRF was 11.1 ± 1.6 mm Hg. The FFKCN mean CH was 8.8 ± 1.4 mm Hg and mean CRF was 8.6 ± 1.3 mm Hg. The KCN mean CH was 7.9 ± 1.3 mm Hg and mean CRF was 7.3 ± 1.4 mm Hg. There were statistically significant differences in the mean CH and CRF in the normal group compared with the FFKCN and the KCN groups (P < 0.001) after statistically controlling for differences in central corneal thickness, age, and sex. There is a significant difference in the mean CH and CRF between normal and FFKCN corneas after controlling for differences in age, sex, and central corneal thickness. However, there is a significant overlap in the distribution of CH and CRF values among all groups. The biomechanical parameters CH and CRF cannot be used alone but may be a useful clinical adjunct to other diagnostic tools, such as corneal tomography, in distinguishing normal from subclinical keratoconic corneas.
    Cornea 10/2010; 30(5):516-23. · 1.75 Impact Factor
  • D Rex Hamilton, R Duncan Johnson, Nancy Lee, Nirit Bourla
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the effects of different flap creation techniques on the biomechanical properties of the cornea in patients having myopic laser refractive surgery. UCLA Laser Refractive Center of the Jules Stein Eye Institute, Los Angeles, California, USA. In this retrospective case series, eyes that had myopic laser refractive surgery were categorized according to the type of flap creation: mechanical microkeratome (MK) LASIK (n=32), femtosecond laser (FSL) LASIK (n=32), or no flap creation (PRK) (n=33). The preoperative central corneal thickness, intraoperative flap thickness, and planned ablation depth (AD),and the preoperative and postoperative manifest refraction spherical equivalent, corneal hysteresis (CH), and corneal resistance factor (CRF) were recorded. The mean change in CH (DeltaCH) was 2.2 mm Hg, 1.9 mm Hg, and 2.3 mm Hg in the MK, FSL, and PRK groups, respectively. There were no significant differences in AD, DeltaCH, or DeltaCRF between the 3 groups. The correlation between AD and DeltaCH was significant in all 3 groups. The correlation was strongest in the FSL group (r=0.82, P<.0001) and weaker in the PRK group (r=0.47, P= .006) and MK group (r=0.46, P= .008). The biomechanical measures of CH and CRF decreased similarly after PRK and LASIK using laser or mechanical flap creation. However, LASIK using femtosecond laser flap creation caused a significantly more predictable change in corneal biomechanics, which correlated strongly with AD, than the change with PRK and LASIK with microkeratome flap creation.
    Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery 01/2009; 34(12):2049-56. · 2.53 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

44 Citations
4.27 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2010
    • Jules Stein Eye Institute
      Maryland, United States