ABSTRACT: Two studies were conducted to determine whether Pseudomonas aeruginosa exoenzyme expression was increased during pulmonary exacerbations of cystic fibrosis (CF) and if it was reduced by antibiotic therapy. The first study was retrospective comparing in vitro exoenzyme levels expressed by P. aeruginosa sputum isolates from seriously ill, hospitalized patients with CF to those from P. aeruginosa strains isolated from CF clinic patients who were in relatively better health. Exoenzyme values were significantly greater in P. aeruginosa strains isolated from ill, hospitalized patients than in clinic patients (P = 0.0001). In the prospective study, in vitro exoenzyme levels were measured from sputum P. aeruginosa isolates of 9 hospitalized patients with CF. Exoenzyme values were greatest in nonmucoid strains on admission (P < 0.0025), and P. aeruginosa exoenzyme expression decreased significantly during hospitalization (P < 0.0025). Deterioration in CF lung disease was accompanied by increased P. aeruginosa exoenzyme production, especially by nonmucoid strains. Antibiotic treatment during hospitalization resulted in mean improvement of % predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1) from 39 to 53% (P = 0.002). Thus, antibiotics may improve pulmonary function in patients with CF by decreasing P. aeruginosa exoenzyme expression.
Pediatric Pulmonology 03/1993; 15(3):135-9. · 2.53 Impact Factor