ABSTRACT: Deleterious effects of dopamine (DA) involving mitochondrial dysfunction have an important role in DA-associated neuronal disorders, including schizophrenia and Parkinson's disease. DA detrimental effects have been attributed to its ability to be auto-oxidized to toxic reactive oxygen species. Since, unlike Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia does not involve neurodegenerative processes, we suggest a novel mechanism by which DA impairs mitochondrial function without affecting cell viability. DA significantly dissipated mitochondrial membrane potential (delta psi m) in SH-SY5Y cells. Bypassing complex I prevented the DA-induced depolarization. Moreover, DA inhibited complex I but not complex II activity in disrupted mitochondria, suggesting complex I participation in DA-induced mitochondrial dysfunction. We further demonstrated that intact mitochondria can accumulate DA in a saturated manner, with an apparent Km=122.1+/-28.6 nM and Vmax=1.41+/-0.15 pmol/mg protein/min, thereby enabling the interaction between DA and complex I. DA accumulation was an energy and Na+-dependent process. The pharmacological profile of mitochondrial DA uptake differed from that of other characterized DA transporters. Finally, relevance to schizophrenia is demonstrated by an abnormal interaction between DA and complex I in schizophrenic patients. These results suggest a non-lethal interaction between DA and mitochondria possibly via complex I, which can better explain DA-related pathological processes observed in non-degenerative disorders, such as schizophrenia.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 03/2008; 1777(2):173-85. · 4.66 Impact Factor