Philipp Buch

Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

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Publications (5)15.78 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The flow of bile secretion into the human digestive system was simulated by the dilution of a bile salt-lipid micellar solution. The structural development upon the dilution of the fed state bile model FeSSIF(mod6.5) to the fasted state bile model FaSSIF(mod) was investigated by small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) in crossed beam experiments to observe small and large structures in a size range of 1 nm to 50 μm in parallel. Because of the physiologically low lipid and surfactant concentrations of 2.625 mM egg-phosphatidylcholine and 10.5 mM taurocholate the sensitivity of the neutron-structural investigations was improved by partial solvent deuteration with 71% D(2)O, with control experiments in H(2)O. Static experiments of initial and end state systems after 6 days of development revealed the presence of mixed bile salt-lipid micelles of 5.1 nm size in the initial state model FeSSIF(mod6.5), and large liposomes in FaSSIF(mod), which represent the late status after dilution of bile secretion in the intestine in the fasted state. The liposomes depicted a size of 34.39 nm with a membrane thickness of 4.75 nm, which indicates medium to large size unilamellar vesicles. Crossed beam experiments with time-resolved neutron and light scattering experiments after fast mixing with a stopped-flow device revealed a stepwise structural dynamics upon dilution by a factor of 3.5. The liposome formation was almost complete five minutes after bile dilution. The liposomes 30 min after dilution resembled the liposomes found after 6 days and depicted a size of 44.56 nm. In the time regime between 3 and 100 s a kinetic intermediate was observed. In a further experiment the liposome formation was abolished when the dilution was conducted with a surfactant solution containing sodium dodecyl sulfate.
    Molecular Pharmaceutics 12/2011; 8(6):2162-72. · 4.57 Impact Factor
  • Philipp Buch, Carolin Meyer, Peter Langguth
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    ABSTRACT: The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of plasma treatment on the wettability and dissolution of fenofibrate compacts. Contact angle measurements and intrinsic dissolution rate studies of untreated and plasma-treated fenofibrate compacts were conducted. The contact angle data clearly show that the wettability of the tablet surface increased with the duration of plasma treatment. Analyses of stability revealed that the surfaces which were plasma-treated for more than 1min regained some degree of hydrophobicity after storage in air. Since their hydrophobic recovery finally reached the level observed with 1min plasma-treated fenofibrate compacts it was deduced that permanent incorporation of hydrophilic groups had already attained saturation upon plasma irradiation for 1min. Dissolution studies revealed the advantages of the hydrophilized surface of plasma-treated fenofibrate compacts. Due to the improved wettability of plasma-treated fenofibrate its intrinsic dissolution rate was vastly increased compared to untreated fenofibrate. This study thus demonstrates the potential of plasma treatment to enhance the wettability and dissolution behavior of poorly water-soluble drugs.
    International Journal of Pharmaceutics 06/2011; 416(1):49-54. · 3.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In a previous study it has been demonstrated that a dissolution/permeation (D/P) system can discriminate between different immediate release fenofibrate formulations. The fractions permeated were correlated with fenofibrate's in vivo exposure in rats following p.o. administration. In the present study more detailed investigations are presented using data from six fenofibrate tablets tested in vivo in humans. In these pharmacokinetic studies no significant differences between formulations in AUC but in Cmax were found. Differences between the Cmax values were not explained by the dissolution characteristics of the tablets but were rationalized on the basis of micellar entrapment and diminished mobility of the active ingredient by surfactants in the formulations. This was demonstrated by a permeation system using dialysis membranes. Thus a permeation step in addition to dissolution measurement may significantly improve the establishment of an IVIV relationship.
    Pharmazie 01/2011; 66(1):11-6. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The goal of this study was to investigate the in vitro-in vivo correlation (IVIVC) for fenofibrate immediate release (IR) tablet formulations based on MeltDose-technique. The in vitro determined drug solubility and permeability data were related to the C(max) values observed from two in vivo human studies. Solubility and permeation studies of fenofibrate were conducted in medium simulating the fasted state conditions in the upper jejunum, containing the surfactant compositions of the six formulations at different concentrations. The behavior of all surfactant compositions was characterized by surface tension, dynamic light scattering, and cryo-TEM. The obtained solubility and permeation data were combined and compared with the C(max) values for the fenofibrate formulations, assuming a 50 mL in vivo dissolution volume. A good IVIVC was observed for five fenofibrate formulations (R(2) = 0.94). The in vitro studies revealed that the formulation compositions containing sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) interfered with the vesicular drug solubilizing system of the biorelevant medium and antagonized its solubilization capacity. The opposing interaction of surfactants with the emulsifying physiological constituents in intestinal juice should be taken into consideration in order to prevent unsatisfactory in vivo performance of orally administered formulations with low soluble active pharmaceutical ingredients.
    Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 10/2010; 99(10):4427-36. · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The usefulness of a dissolution/permeation (D/P) system to predict the in vivo performance of solid dosage forms containing the poorly soluble drug, fenofibrate, was studied. Biorelevant dissolution media simulating the fasted and fed state conditions of the human gastrointestinal tract were used in order to simulate the effect of food on the absorption of fenofibrate. Moreover, the results obtained from the D/P system were correlated with pharmacokinetic parameters obtained following in vivo studies in rats. The in vitro parameter (amount permeated in the D/P system) reflected well the in vivo performance in rats in terms of AUC and C(max) of fenofibric acid. This study thus demonstrates the potential of the D/P system as valuable tool for absorption screening of dosage forms for poorly soluble drugs.
    Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 11/2008; 98(6):2001-9. · 3.13 Impact Factor