ABSTRACT: The chemokines (CKs) CXCL13, CCL21, and CXCL12 are known to play differential roles in the organization of the lymphoid tissues and the development of lymphoid malignancies. We investigated the expression of these CKs and their receptors in the salivary glands of Sjogren's syndrome patients with lymphoepithelial lesions (lymphoepithelial sialadenitis or LESA) and in MALT lymphoma to understand their involvement in salivary gland lymphomagenesis. We demonstrate that within salivary glands with LESA and MALT lymphoma the lymphoid CKs CXCL13 and CCL21 are selectively associated with areas of reactive lymphoid proliferation, whereas no significant expression of these molecules was detected in the malignant lymphoid aggregate. Conversely, CXCL12 was observed predominantly in infiltrated ducts and malignant B cells. Accordingly, CXCL13 and CCL21 transcript levels were significantly increased in LESA samples while CXCL12 levels were increased in MALT lymphoma and isolated tumor cells. Low levels of CK receptors were detected on lymphoma-extracted lymphocytes, suggesting down-regulation in the abundance of ligands. Our findings suggest that in salivary gland MALT lymphoma the lymphoid CKs CXCL13 and CCL21 are directly implicated in the organization of ectopic reactive lymphoid tissue, whereas CXCL12 is associated with the infiltrated epithelium and malignant B cell component and is possibly involved in the regulation of malignant B cell survival.
The Journal of Immunology 05/2008; 180(7):5130-40. · 5.79 Impact Factor