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ABSTRACT: Our understanding of the pathogenic role of IgE in atopic dermatitis is incomplete. We asked whether blocking free IgE would alter the course of the disease.
We administered either omalizumab, a humanized monoclonal mouse antibody against IgE, or placebo subcutaneously for 16 weeks to 20 atopic dermatitis patients and measured immunological and clinical disease parameters.
Omalizumab (I) reduced free serum IgE, (II) lowered surface IgE and FcɛRI expression on different peripheral blood mononuclear cells, (III) reduced the saturation of FcɛRI with IgE, (IV) increased the number of free FcɛRI and (V) lowered the number of IgE+, but not of FcɛRI+ cells in skin. The in vivo relevance of these results is evidenced by the increase in the threshold allergen concentration required to give a type I hypersensitivity reaction in the titrated skin test. While not significantly altering the clinical disease parameters, omalizumab treatment led to an improvement of the atopy patch test results in single patients, i.e. an eczematous reaction upon epicutaneous allergen challenge.
The interference with immediate and delayed type skin tests may imply that a therapeutic benefit of omalizumab treatment, if present at all, would be seen in patients with acute rather than chronic forms of the disease.
Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft 12/2010; 8(12):990-8. · 1.40 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Patients with gluten sensitivity, i. e. celiac disease and dermatitis herpetiformis have anti-endomysial antibodies recognizing transglutaminases, which are usually detected on appropriate tissue sections. It would be desirable to have available a reliable, tissue-independent serological diagnostic tool. We compared disease-specificity and sensitivity of tTG versus eTG-based detection systems for the diagnosis of anti-endomysial IgA-antibodies.
We examined 204 serum samples in duplicates with commercial human ELISA-kits: 54 healthy blood donors, 20 celiac disease, 29 dermatitis herpetiformis and 101 with other autoimmune dermatoses.
The tTG-based ELISA proved to be very disease-specific (100 %) and sensitive for the diagnosis of gluten sensitivity (95 % celiac disease; 96.6 % dermatitis herpetiformis). The eTG-based ELISA was also perfectly specific (100 %), but only 15 % of celiac disease-sera and 44.8 % of dermatitis herpetiformis-sera yielded positive results.
The human tTG-ELISA fulfills all criteria of a screening test and, because of being investigator-independent, inexpensive and highly reproducible, compares favorably with the current diagnostic gold standard (indirect immunofluorescence and biopsy) of celiac disease and dermatitis herpetiformis. The low sensitivity of the eTG-ELISA may have technical reasons, but could theoretically also be linked to disease activity or indicate the existence of an as yet undefined disease subset. Studies are currently under way to address these issues.
Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft 01/2006; 3(12):974-8. · 1.40 Impact Factor
Journal Der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft - J DTSCH DERMATOL GES. 01/2005; 3(12):974-978.