ABSTRACT: The effects of thymulin and GnRH on FSH and LH release were studied in suspension cultures of anterior pituitary cells from female adult rats sacrificed on each day of the estrous cycle. The spontaneous release of gonadotropins by pituitaries, as well as their response to GnRH or thymulin addition, fluctuated during the estrous cycle. Adding thymulin to pituitary cells from rats in diestrus 1 increased the concentration of FSH; while in cells from rats in estrus, FSH level decreased. Thymulin had a stimulatory effect on the basal concentration of LH during most days of the estrous cycle. Adding GnRH increased FSH release in cells from rats in diestrus 1, diestrus 2, or proestrus, and resulted in higher LH levels in cells obtained from rats in all days of the estrous cycle. Compared to the GnRH treatment, the simultaneous addition of thymulin and GnRH to cells from rats in diestrus 1, diestrus 2, or proestrus resulted in lower FSH concentrations. Similar results were observed in the LH release by cells from rats in diestrus 1, while in cells from rats in proestrus or estrus, LH concentrations increased. A directly proportional relation between progesterone serum levels and the effects of thymulin on FSH release was observed. These data suggest that thymulin plays a dual role in the release of gonadotropins, and that its effects depend on the hormonal status of the donor's pituitary.
Life Sciences 01/2005; 76(7):795-804. · 2.53 Impact Factor