Peter S Albers

Academisch Medisch Centrum Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands

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Publications (2)5.83 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Ischemically damaged donor livers are prone to graft non-function. This can in part be explained by a suboptimal wash-out during procurement. An enriched machine perfusion (MP) preservation solution for livers, named Polysol, was developed. The aim of this study was to investigate the type of flush solution, temperature and anticoagulant content on the wash-out of the non-heart-beating donor (NHBD) rat liver. Rat livers were flushed after 30 min warm ischemia. After excision, livers were reperfused at 37 degrees C, with analysis of damage and function, concerning (1) solutions (University of Wisconsin (UW), histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK) and Polysol); (2) temperature (4 degrees C, 18 degrees C and 37 degrees C); (3) addition of heparin and (4) wash-out followed by 24 h MP. (1) Reperfusion results were inferior in the UW group; (2) less damage and improved function were seen after wash-out using Polysol at 37 degrees C; (3) No effects were seen of the addition of heparin to Polysol; (4) MP after wash-out using HTK resulted in more liver damage and decreased liver function as compared with wash-out using Polysol. Polysol is applicable as a flush solution for the NHBD liver, resulting in equal to better wash-out as compared with UW and HTK. The best temperature for this NHBD wash-out is 37 degrees C.
    Liver international: official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver 10/2006; 26(7):880-8. DOI:10.1111/j.1478-3231.2006.01295.x · 4.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The solution of choice for wash-out of non-heart-beating donor (NHBD) livers is histidine tryptophan ketoglutarate (HTK). This solution has a lower viscosity, due to absence of a colloid, and is less expensive as compared to the University of Wisconsin (UW) solution. A new preservation solution for machine perfusion was developed, named Polysol. In order to apply Polysol clinically in NHBD organ retrieval, the efficacy as a wash-out solution was investigated. Methods. After a warm ischemic time of 30 minutes, the rat liver was washed out via the portal vein with 50 mL of either ringer lactate (RL), HTK or Polysol. After wash-out and harvesting, the liver was reperfused with Krebs-Henseleit buffer. Samples were taken to assess hepatocellular injury and liver function. Results. Liver damage parameters were elevated in the RL group as compared to the HTK and Polysol groups. Liver/rat weight ratios were significantly lower after wash-out with Polysol. Overall, no differences were seen in ammonia clearance and bile production. In conclusion, wash-out of the NHBD liver with Polysol results in equal to improved reperfusion results as compared to HTK. Polysol is feasible as a wash-out solution in combination with machine perfusion using Polysol.
    Transplantation Proceedings 01/2004; 37(1):395-8. DOI:10.1016/j.transproceed.2004.12.260 · 0.98 Impact Factor