ABSTRACT: The advantages of valve repair for treatment of degenerative mitral regurgitation are well established. The procedure is associated with low mortality and morbidity rates, and low indices of reoperation, thromboembolic events and endocarditis have been reported. In most series, annuloplasty rings are implanted, but some institutions give preference to unsupported valvuloplasty.
To assess the clinical outcome of patients submitted to unsupported valvuloplasty for degenerative mitral regurgitation.
Between January 1980 and January 2003, 116 patients were submitted to the procedure. A total of 62 (53.4%) were men, and mean age was 47.2 +/- 16.5 years. The procedures included: Wooler annuloplasty (65.5%), unilateral annuloplasty (15.5%), quadrangular resection of the posterior leaflet (35.3%), anterior chordal shortening (20.7%), posterior chordal shortening (6.9%), and calcium debridement (0.9%). Mean follow-up was 6.5 +/- 5.1 years, and the longest follow-up was 24 years.
Mortality was 0.86% (1 pt) early and 6.03% (7 pt) late. Actuarial survival was 85.3% in 20 years. Most patients (55.2%) presented preoperative NYHA functional class III, whereas class I was more frequent in the postoperative period (66.4%). Thromboembolic complications were observed in 4 patients (3.4%), and no correlation was seen with atrial fibrillation. Freedom from thromboembolic events was 94.8%, and similar results were observed for bacterial endocarditis. Survival free from reoperation was 79%, and 53% at 5 and 10 years, respectively.
Unsupported valvuloplasty is effective and safe for treatment of degenerative mitral regurgitation, representing an adequate therapeutic alternative for selected cases.
Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia 07/2008; 90(6):363-9. · 1.32 Impact Factor