Neeltje van den Berg

Deutsches Zentrum für Neurodegenerative Erkrankungen, Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Publications (37)44.11 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Demographic change not only affects patients with ophthalmological diseases but also ophthalmologists.
    Der Ophthalmologe : Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft. 05/2014; 111(5):428-37.
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    ABSTRACT: An analysis of reimbursement claims in Mecklenburg West-Pomerania from the year 2007 showed that of all reimbursement claims made for outpatient treatment of patients with mental disorders, the majority has been claimed by general practitioners. Using the reimbursement claims from the last 3 months from 2010, again, most treatment claims were made by general practitioners. The patients were treated by general practitioners in 50.5%. neurologists/psychia-trists 16%, internal practitioners 10.6%, gynaecologists 5.3% and by psychotherapists in 2.3%. The actual analyses of reimbursement claims show again that the majority of patients with psychiatric disorders is not treated by the respective professional group.
    PPmP - Psychotherapie · Psychosomatik · Medizinische Psychologie 09/2013; 63(9/10):387-390. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Drug related problems (DRPs) are impairing patients' health and cause high costs. Neither delegation of home medication review nor regular pharmaceutical care are common in Germany. Objective We aimed to reduce several DRP by the implementation of a three party healthcare team [AGnES-practice assistant, pharmacist, general practitioner (GP)] and adherence supporting strategies (using a medication reminder chart, medication compliance aid). Setting The setting was ambulatory primary healthcare in German rural areas with a cohort of home-dwelling, elderly, mostly multimorbid patients with limited mobility (study period: 06/2006-12/2008). Methods We conducted a prospective non-randomized implementation cohort study with home medication review (home medication review module; mean participation time: 9 months). Data collection was delegated to additionally qualified AGnES-practice assistants (AGnES: GP-supporting, community-based, e-health-assisted systemic intervention). The intervention comprised pharmaceutical care by the local pharmacy in addition to medical interventions by the GP. 408 patients (mean age: women: 80.7 years; men: 75.3 years) received both pharmaceutical care and at least one follow-up visit. Main outcome measurement Outcome measurements comprised self-reported DRPs, objectively evaluated DRP, and prevalence of adherence supporting strategies. Results The three party healthcare team approach reduced self-reported forgetfulness (7.7-3.2 %; p = 0.001), the proportion of patients with intermittent drug intake (5.3-1.3 %; p < 0.001), and the proportion of patients with potentially clinical relevant drug-drug interaction (61.6-51.2 %; p < 0.001). Self-reported adverse drug reactions decreased non-significantly (5.4-4.6 %; p = 0.564; all tests χ(2)-McNemar). The median number of active substances taken was reduced from 8 to 7 (p < 0.001; Wilcoxon signed rank test). The proportions of patients using medication charts and compliance aids increased significantly (75.2-90.3 %; p < 0.001) and (70.0-80.1 %; p > 0.001), respectively. Conclusion This is the first study evaluating effects of a three party team on DRPs in a primary healthcare setting in Germany. This approach led to reduction in the occurrence of several DRPs and improved adherence supporting strategies. However, the study is a pre-post analysis, and had no control group.
    International journal of clinical pharmacy. 07/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Data of the German population-based cohort SHIP (Study of Health in Pomerania) were analysed to examine treatment rates, antihypertensive substances prescribed, and the proportion of hypertensive study participants reaching target values for blood pressure as well as determinants. METHODS: The study population was defined using baseline data of the cohort (collected between 1997 and 2001). Participants with blood pressure values >=140/90 mmHg and/or antihypertensive medication with known hypertension and participants with risk-comorbidity (diabetes, stroke, angina pectoris, and/or myocardial infarction) and blood pressure values >=130/80 mmHg were included. The analysis of treatment and target values was based on the 5-year follow-up of the cohort (collected between 2002 and 2006). Logistic regression was used to identify determinants for a normotensive blood pressure. RESULTS: 3278 SHIP-participants with hypertensive blood pressure values were included (mean age: 55.5 years; SD 13.6, range 21--80 years). The raw hypertension prevalence was 50.9% (N = 1761). 58.7% (N = 1074) of all hypertensive patients reported some form of antihypertensive treatment. Thereof 65.1% (N = 728) received combination therapy. Of the patients without risk-comorbidity, 42.1% (N = 489) reached their target blood pressure values at the time of the 5-year follow-up of the cohort. Of the patients with any risk-comorbidity this proportion was only 21.7% (N = 131). Significant determinants for reaching the target values were being female and having antihypertensive combination therapy. Increasing age, having risk-comorbidities, and obesity were negatively associated with reaching the target values. CONCLUSIONS: Both the proportion of participants receiving therapy and the number of participants reaching their target blood pressure values are very low. Combination therapy is associated with better blood pressure control as compared to mono therapy. However, even in the subgroup of hypertensive patients under combination therapy only 36% (both patients with and without comorbidity) reach target values.
    BMC Public Health 06/2013; 13(1):594. · 2.08 Impact Factor
  • W Hoffmann, N van den Berg
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    ABSTRACT: The proportion of older people will increase strongly in Germany in the coming years. A consequence is an increase in patient numbers particularly for age-associated diseases and multimorbidity. Higher numbers of patients mean greater use of medical services and a higher demand for home visits with older patients. Although the total population is declining, the need for doctors will increase in certain medical areas, for example in the primary care sector. In many rural areas the reoccupation of vacant practices is already becoming a problem. Innovative, flexible and regionally organized healthcare concepts are necessary to ensure adequate medical care. Duties and responsibilities must be transferred between health professions and across sector boundaries, for example on the basis of delegation concepts, telemedicine and better cooperation between the outpatient and inpatient settings.
    Der Chirurg 03/2013; · 0.52 Impact Factor
  • W Hoffmann, N van den Berg, A Dreier
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    ABSTRACT: To manage the current demographics and the expected medical, nursing, and social care needs of the population, structural changes are needed in the German health care system. On the regional level, there is a shortage of general practitioners in Germany. In the future, the number of affected regions will likely increase. These trends require new support strategies, which include the delegation of medical tasks to nonphysician professionals of which nurses and medical assistants are the primary profession. Thus, they will expand their traditional scope of work. However, their traditional training does not qualify them to perform medical tasks responsibly and with high quality. Hence, there is a need for further development of advanced training programs. The goal is to tailor modular advanced training to the specific support needs of the patients. A recent law (GKV-Versorgungsstrukturgesetz, GKV-VStG, 1 January 2012) was passed that specifies and extends the delegation options of medical tasks beyond the restrictions defined in previous German legislation (§ 63, SGB V in 2008). In this article, we present a three-stage model for qualifying nonphysician medical professionals for defined ranges of medical tasks.
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz 01/2013; · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The AGnES-concept (GP-supporting, community-based, e-health-assisted, systemic intervention) includes the delegation of general practitioner (GP)-home visits to qualified practice assistants, especially in underserved areas. Most visited patients were elderly, multimorbid patients with limited mobility. We analyzed a subgroup of hypertension patients to assess the proportion of patients with controlled hypertension, the number of patients that changed between different categories of blood pressure during the project, and to identify possible determinants for these changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible patients were selected by the participating GPs. Hypertensive patients with at least two blood pressure measurements were included. Two-level mixed-effects multiple binary logistic regression analyses were conducted to evaluate possible determinants for the found effects. RESULTS: Overall, 776 patients (mean age 79.2 years; SD 8.1 years; range 38-98 years) were included in the analysis. During the project, the mean values for systolic (from 136.1 to 131.0 mmHg, P<0.0001) and diastolic (from 77.0 to 75.7 mmHg, P=0.0026) blood pressure decreased. In 26.0% of the patients there was a change from hypertensive blood pressure values to normotensive values and vice versa in 14.3% (P<0.0001). Multilevel regression models did not show single elements of the complex intervention as determinants for changing to normotensive blood pressure values. CONCLUSION: Although the study was conducted under real life conditions and therefore had some methodological limitations, the delegation of home visits to qualified practice assistants may have had a positive influence on changes of blood pressure with elderly hypertension patients. The study population represents a relevant population for medical care, which might benefit from the implementation of the AGnES-concept.
    Blood pressure monitoring 01/2013; · 1.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A Central Data Management (CDM) system based on electronic data capture (EDC) software and study specific databases is an essential component for assessment and management of large data volumes in epidemiologic studies. Conventional CDM systems using web applications for data capture depend on permanent access to a network. However, in many study settings permanent network access cannot be guaranteed, e.g. when participants/patients are visited in their homes. In such cases a different concept for data capture is needed. The utilized EDC software must be able to ensure data capture as stand-alone instance and to synchronize captured data with the server at a later point in time. This article describes the design of the mobile information capture (MInCa) system an EDC software meeting these requirements. In particular, we focus on client and server design, data synchronization, and data privacy as well as data security measures. The MInCa software has already proven its efficiency in epidemiologic studies revealing strengths and weaknesses concerning both concept and practical application which will be addressed in this article.
    Computer methods and programs in biomedicine 11/2012; · 1.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The AGnES-concept (AGnES: GP-supporting, community-based, e-health-assisted, systemic intervention) was developed to support general practitioners (GPs) in undersupplied regions. The project aims to delegate GP-home visits to qualified AGnES-practice assistants, to increase the number of patients for whom medical care can be provided. This paper focuses on the effect of delegating GP-home visits on the total number of patients treated. First, the theoretical number of additional patients treated by delegating home visits to AGnES-practice assistants was calculated. Second, actual changes in the number of patients in participating GP-practices were analyzed. METHODS: The calculation of the theoretical increase in the number of patients was based on project data, data which were provided by the Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians, or which came from the literature. Setting of the project was an ambulatory healthcare centre in the rural county Oberspreewald-Lausitz in the Federal State of Brandenburg, which employed six GPs, four of which participated in the AGnES project. The analysis of changes in the number of patients in the participating GP-practices was based on the practices' reimbursement data. RESULTS: The calculated mean capacity of AGnES-practice assistants was 1376.5 home visits/year. GPs perform on average 1200 home visits/year. Since home visits with an urgent medical reason cannot be delegated, we included only half the capacity of the AGnES-practice assistants in the analysis (corresponding to a 20 hour-work week). Considering all parameters in the calculation model, 360.1 GP-working hours/year can be saved. These GP-hours could be used to treat 170 additional patients/quarter year. In the four participating GP-practices the number of patients increased on average by 133 patients/quarter year during the project period, which corresponds to 78% of the theoretically possible number of patients. CONCLUSIONS: The empirical findings on the potential to increase the number of patients in GP-practices through delegation of tasks come close to the theoretical calculations. Differences between the calculated and the real values may be due to differences in the age and mortality distribution of the patients. The results indicate that a support system based on practice assistants can alleviate the consequences of GP-shortages in rural areas.
    BMC Health Services Research 10/2012; 12(1):355. · 1.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Telemedicine is increasingly becoming a reality in medical care for the elderly. We performed a systematic literature review on telemedicine healthcare concepts for older patients. We included controlled studies in an ambulant setting that analyzed telemedicine interventions involving patients aged ≥60 years. 1585 articles matched the specified search criteria, thereof, 68 could be included in the review. Applications address an array of mostly frequent diseases, e.g. cardiovascular disease (N=37) or diabetes (N=18). The majority of patients is still living at home and is able to handle the telemedicine devices by themselves. In 59 of 68 articles (87%), the intervention can be categorized as monitoring. The largest proportion of telemedicine interventions consisted of measurements of vital signs combined with personal interaction between healthcare provider and patient (N=24), and concepts with only personal interaction (telephone or videoconferencing, N=14). The studies show predominantly positive results with a clear trend towards better results for "behavioral" endpoints, e.g. adherence to medication or diet, and self-efficacy compared to results for medical outcomes (e.g. blood pressure, or mortality), quality of life, and economic outcomes (e.g. costs or hospitalization). However, in 26 of 68 included studies, patients with characteristic limitations for older patients (e.g. cognitive and visual impairment, communication barriers, hearing problems) were excluded. A considerable number of projects use rather sophisticated technology (e.g. videoconferencing), limiting ready translation into routine care. Future research should focus on how to adapt systems to the individual needs and resources of elderly patients within the specific frameworks of the respective national healthcare systems.
    Maturitas 07/2012; 73(2):94-114. · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Drug intake is associated with a risk of drug-related problems, for example, the intake of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM), especially for cognitively impaired individuals. The proportion of PIM taken by immobile individuals, especially patients with suspicion of dementia in the AGnES studies (German: Arzt-entlastende Gemeinde-nahe E-Health-gestützte Systemische Intervention), and possible determinants were analyzed. METHODS: In a community-based, prospective cohort study in the ambulatory healthcare sector, a sample of 342 patients aged ≥65 years were screened for dementia and received a home medication review. The screening for dementia was positive in 111 cases (32.5%). Data assessment included sociodemographic variables and medical diagnoses. The German PRISCUS list was used to detect PIM and drug-condition interactions. RESULTS: Potentially inappropriate medication in dementia was identified in 22 (19.8%) patients with suspicion of dementia. A multivariate binary logistic regression revealed that the number of drugs taken (one to four drugs: OR = 0.059; 95% CI 0.006-0.55, p = 0.0133; Ref.: >9 drugs) and female gender (OR = 10.362; 95% CI: 1.28-83.87) were risk factors for PIM intake in patient with suspicion of dementia. CONCLUSIONS: Inappropriate medication use in a community-based sample positively screened for dementia appears to be determined by sex and the number of drugs taken. The intake of fewer than five drugs and receiving support with regard to drug intake protects from the intake of PIM. Patients could benefit from medication management in a collaborative network of healthcare professionals. The implementation of systematic medication review and drug documentation should be extended and standardized in both research studies and routine primary health care. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 04/2012; · 3.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gallbladder cancer is the most common malignant tumour of the biliary system with an extraordinarily poor prognosis. In this study, we retrospectively evaluated forty-two patients with histologically proven gallbladder cancer. Estimated survival rates were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method, and differences were assessed using the logrank test. The GKR (combined registry of cancer) and demographic data were used to gain information on community cancer statistics. In this study, patients with metastases showed poorer survival rates. Furthermore, the survival was significantly better in patients with R0 resections, smaller tumour sizes and without lymph node infiltration. T stage, M stage and R stage were independent prognostic parameters. Sex and age had no significant effect on survival. Also, we found that patients with incidental gallbladder cancer and those with cholecystolithiasis showed significantly better survival rates. Demographic analyses of the study group confirmed a high coverage of our institution for incident cases in our catchment area and no significant regional deviations from the expected incidence of gallbladder cancer. Despite differences in the incidence in different geographical areas, gallbladder cancer appears to be fairly normally distributed in Western Pomerania, a predominantly rural area of Northeastern Germany. Coverage of incident cases in our catchment area was high. T stage, M stage and R stage were independent prognostic factors in our study. We conclude that, whenever possible, an R0 resection should be the surgical goal in all patients staged resectable before surgery, but heroic resections in patients with highly advanced cancer disease or severe accompanying non-tumour diseases are not warranted.
    Langenbeck s Archives of Surgery 03/2012; 397(6):899-907. · 1.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Elderly patients are at high risk of malnutrition and sarcopenia, promoting further morbidity which in turn decreases quality of life and increases the claiming of medical services and associated costs. Early and sustained administration of oral nutritional supplements has been shown to improve the nutritional status with robust clinical benefit. Many patients however, poorly adhere to prescribed supplements, so consistent monitoring is needed. Clinical monitoring usually ends with the discharge rendering the continuation of nutritional supplement therapy in the patient's home problematic. We developed a telemedicine based health care concept for intensive home monitoring. In a first randomized controlled prospective study we analyzed the feasibility of this innovative approach. The intervention group received oral nutritional supplements and telemedical monitoring with daily assessment of body weight, number of taken oral energy supplements and state of health. The control group received usual care. 13 patients were included in each group, eight patients of the intervention group left the study prematurely, five patients were closely monitored and used the devices for a mean 67 ± 63.5 days. Follow up data of body weight and BMI showed no relevant differences between both groups. The results and experiences gained in this pilot study demonstrate that telemedical systems provide encouraging new options to enable an intensive monitoring of malnourished patients. A continuous intensive therapy monitoring of this patient group however, is a particular challenge. Albeit possibilities, limitations and useful parameters were identified, which will be used to improve the conception in an ongoing prospective randomized trial.
    Maturitas 03/2012; 72(2):126-31. · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is limited knowledge about prevalence and determinants of potential drug-drug-interactions (pDDI) in the ambulatory health care setting. In this manuscript we analysed the prevalence and determinants of pDDI in the AGnES home visit population (GP-supporting, community-based, e-health-assisted, systemic intervention). 779 Home-dwelling patients received an IT-supported home medication review (HMR). The interaction monographs of the ABDA-database were used to identify pDDI. A binary multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyse determinants for occurrence of moderate and serious pDDI, respectively. Patients (mean age f: 79.8 yrs; m: 76.2 yrs) took a mean number of 6.8 active substances (SD = 3.3) regularly. 626 patients (80.4%) with an HMR had at least one pDDI (mean = 4.8; SD = 4.4). In 454 patients (58.3%) we found at least one pDDI with moderate or serious relevance (mean = 2.9; SD = 2.8). The most frequent moderate pDDI was the combination of potassium excretion diuretics (e.g. hydrochlorothiazide) with anti-inflammatory drugs (e.g. ibuprofen; n = 258 patients). Adjusted for age and gender, multiple binary logistic regression showed significant results for the number of taken active substances (continuous variable; OR = 1.48; 95%-CI 1.382-1.585), metabolic diseases (OR = 1.52; 95%-CI 1.039-2.223), a diagnose of a muscular-skeletal disease (OR = 1.741; 95%-CI 1.204-2.517), infectious disease (OR = 0.127; 95%-CI 0.021-0.783), and gastro-intestinal disease (OR = 0.538; 95%-CI 0.322-0.899). Using a comprehensive, computer-assisted HMR in an ambulatory care setting we have identified a high proportion of pDDI of moderate or serious clinical relevance. These pDDI require an intervention from intensified monitoring to a change in medication. Further investigations should focus on clinical outcome of pDDI.
    Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety 09/2011; 20(12):1311-8. · 2.90 Impact Factor
  • T Fiß, M Schaefer, N van den Berg, W Hoffmann
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    ABSTRACT: We aimed to estimate the time which is needed to conduct a home medication review (HMR) in the context of the AGnES implementation studies (AGnES=GP-supporting, community-based, e-health-assisted, systemic intervention). In a subsequent step associated costs were calculated. IT-supported HMR were conducted by specially qualified AGnES-practice assistants to detect selected drug-related problems (DRP). The patient received pharmaceutical care by their local pharmacist and medical evaluation by their GP, respectively. The data from 471 patients (w: 339; m: 132) were evaluated (median age: w=81; m=78). The interview to detect selected DRP was 6 min (median) long. The subsequent drug record took 14.4 min. There was an additional effort for documentation of 5 min. The local pharmacist needed a median time of 15 min for pharmaceutical evaluation, whereas the GP needed 8 min. The estimated costs accounted for: AGnES-practice assistant: 9.12 €; pharmacist: 11.05 €; GP: 6.30 €. The overall estimated costs were 26.47 €. For the first time we present objective costs which were associated with the implementation of HMR. Due to high DRP-induced costs the HMR should be mandatory for groups with a high risk like for the occurrence of DRP.
    Das Gesundheitswesen 05/2011; 74(5):322-7. · 0.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: As in other countries worldwide, the prevalence of mental disorders in Germany is high. Although numerically a dense network of in- and outpatient psychiatric health services exists, the availability in rural and remote regions is insufficient.In rural regions, telemedical concepts can be a chance to unburden and complement the existing healthcare system. Telemedical concepts consisting of video or telephone consulting show first positive results, but there are only a few studies with a randomized controlled design.To improve the treatment of patients with mental disorders in rural regions, we developed a telemedical care concept based on telephone contacts and text-messages. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of the telemedical interventions on psychopathological outcomes, e. g. anxiety, depressive symptoms, and somatisation. Secondary objective of the study is the analysis of intervention effects on the frequency of medical contacts with healthcare services. Furthermore, the frequency of patients' crises and the frequency and kind of interventions, initiated by the project nurses will be evaluated. We will also evaluate the acceptance of the telemedical care concept by the patients. METHODS/DESIGN: In this paper we describe a three-armed, randomized, controlled study. All participants are recruited from psychiatric day hospitals. The inclusion criteria are a specialist-diagnosed depression, anxiety disorder, adjustment disorder or a somatoform disorder and eligibility to participate in the study. Exclusion criteria are ongoing outpatient psychotherapy, planned interval treatment at the day clinic and expected recurrent suicidality and self-injuring behaviour.The interventions consist of regular patient-individual telephone consultations or telephone consultations with complementing text-messages on the patients' mobile phone. The interventions will be conducted during a time period of 6 months. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study is registered in the German Clinical Trials Register (DRKS00000662).
    BMC Psychiatry 02/2011; 11:30. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: drug intake is associated with the risk of drug-related problems (DRPs), e.g. the intake of PIM. the proportion of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) taken by elderly people was analysed. community-based, prospective cohort study. ambulatory health-care sector in a German rural area. seven hundred and forty-four patients with age >65 years and regular intake of drugs. comprehensive home medication review (HMR) provided by specially qualified assistants of GP practices using electronic case reporting forms (eCRFs), and GP's diagnoses were extracted from patients' health records. Updated Beers' list of Fick et al. was used to detect PIM for patients >65 years and drug-condition interaction. a total of 18% (n= 134) of the patients received 163 inappropriate drugs. Out of these drugs, most prevalent PIM were benzodiazepine derivates (n= 45). Out of all drugs, 25 drug-condition interactions were identified. The intake of PIM was slightly associated with self-reported falls (: 0.1074; P= 0.0244). Multivariate logistic regression showed significant results for the number of taken substances (OR = 1.176; 95% CI 1.121-1.234, P< 0.001). a high proportion of patients taking PIM in a community-based setting were investigated. Statistical associations with self-reported falls were found. Confounding may influence data. Further research to investigate findings is needed.
    Age and Ageing 01/2011; 40(1):66-73. · 3.82 Impact Factor
  • Wolfgang Hoffmann, Adina Dreier, Neeltje van den Berg
    01/2011: pages 227-237; , ISBN: 978-3-7945-2803-5
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    ABSTRACT: The disparity between an increasing complexity of patients' treatment and the declining number of general practitioners (GP) require action. The AGnES-concept (general practitioner-relieving, community-based, e-health assisted, systemic intervention) is based on the delegation of original physician-activities to qualified AGnES-practice assistants. Purposes of AGnES part 1 were to determine the feasibility of community-based home medication reviews (HMR) and the establishment of a health professional network to identify drug related problems (DRP) in the domicile of elderly patients. Two consecutive studies (AGNES 2 + 3) were conducted to implement HMR. General practices on the isle of Rugia in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, a German rural area. Patients who receive regular home visits by their GP were addressed. Study-instruments for the feasibility study (AGnES 1) were designed by an expert panel and modified for the implementation (AGnES 2 + 3) studies. HMR were conducted by additionally qualified AGnES-practice assistants regarding DRP like drug-drug interaction (DDI), adverse drug reactions (ADR), and compliance. DRP-selection was inspired by the coding system Pi-Doc. Pharmacists checked DRP and intervened, if necessary. 18 (AGnES 1) and 60 (AGnES 2 + 3) geriatric patients received a minimum of two home visits by an AGnES-practice assistant. Feasibility was assessed by patients' satisfaction with care provided by the AGnES-practice assistant. For implementation reported DRP and the conducted interventions were evaluated. During AGnES 1 a documentation sheet was developed and tested. 56 potential DDI were identified. 37 of 112 drugs which caused potential interactions were attributed to OTC medication and food components. 84% of respondents judged the systematic evaluation of their pharmacotherapy as helpful. During AGnES 2 + 3 local pharmacists identified DDIs in 45% of patients. Seven patients (11.6%) reported at least one ADR attributable to their current medication. Those patients who received a second HMR (n = 29) during AGnES 2 + 3 rated the HMR as reasonable 65.5% (n = 19), and partly reasonable 24.1% (n = 7). By comprehensive HMR conducted by AGnES-practice assistants in delegation of the patients' GPs in cooperation with local pharmacists we could identify a considerable prevalence of DRP under real-life conditions. Further studies should recruit more participants including a control group with usual care.
    International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy 10/2010; 32(5):566-74. · 0.92 Impact Factor
  • N van den Berg, C Meinke, T Fiß, W Hoffmann
    Das Gesundheitswesen 09/2010; 72. · 0.62 Impact Factor