ABSTRACT: Synthetic catalytic scavengers of reactive oxygen species (ROS) may have broad clinical applicability. In previous papers, two salen-manganese complexes, EUK-8 and EUK-134, had superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase activities and prevented ROS-associated tissue injury. This study describes two series of salen-manganese complexes, comparing catalytic ROS scavenging properties and cytoprotective activities. The compounds vary widely in ability to scavenge hydrogen peroxide, with this activity most influenced by salen ring alkoxy substitution and aromatic bridge modifications. In contrast, all compounds show comparable SOD activities. The most active alkoxy-substituted catalase mimetics protected cultured cells from hydrogen peroxide, and a subset of these were also neuroprotective in a rodent stroke model. Thus, structural modification of the prototype EUK-8 yields compounds with enhanced catalase activity and, in turn, biological effectiveness. This supports the concept that salen-manganese complexes represent a class of SOD and, in particular, catalase mimetics potentially useful against ROS-associated diseases.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 10/2002; 45(20):4549-58. · 5.25 Impact Factor