ABSTRACT: To compare a systemic transdermal therapeutic system with local application of glyceryl trinitrate ointment in the treatment of anal fissure.
Prospective, multicentre, randomised trial.
Three teaching hospitals, Turkey.
89 outpatients with chronic anal fissure were randomly assigned to be treated with either transdermal (n = 52) or 0.2% glyceryl trinitrate ointment (n = 37).
The patients were assessed at the sixth and the twelfth week after initial evaluation by physical examination, anoscopy, and anal manometry.
Changes in the maximal anal resting pressure, healing rate.
Anal fissure was completely healed in 38 (73%) and 24 (64%) of the patients after 6 weeks and 48 (81%) and 27 (79%) of the patients in transdermal group and ointment group, respectively. Maximal anal resting pressure was reduced by 24% and 21% in transdermal and ointment groups, respectively.
Systemic transdermal application of glyceryl trinitrate gave a satisfactory healing rate, which was comparable to that of local application of ointment.
The European journal of surgery. Supplement.: = Acta chirurgica. Supplement 08/2003;