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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the correlation between the changes in diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging, regional water content, and tissue ultrastructure after vasogenic brain edema induced by cortical cold lesioning. In this cat model, E3 in the white matter was dominantly increased while fractional anisotropy (FA) was significantly decreased 8 hours after cortical cold lesioning. This finding indicates that water diffusion in the cortical white matter mainly increased perpendicularly rather than parallel to the direction of the nerve fibers. Additionally, in the area where edema is mild or moderate (tissues with water content of 65% to 75%), FA in the chronic phase was significantly lower than that in the acute phase. Histological examination demonstrated disordered arrangement of nerve fibers, highly dissociated neuronal fibers due to extracellular accumulation of protein rich-fluid, and enlarged interfiber spaces in the acute phase.
    Acta neurochirurgica. Supplement 02/2006; 96:168-70.