Publications (2)3.29 Total impact
Article: Laser-evoked potential abnormalities in central pain patients: the influence of spontaneous and provoked pain[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We recorded laser-evoked cortical potentials (LEPs) in 54 consecutive patients presenting with unilateral neuropathic central pain (n = 42) or with lateralized pain of non-organic origin (n = 12). A number of cases in each group had superimposed hyperalgesia or allodynia. In patients with central pain, LEPs were significantly attenuated after stimulation over the painful territory, relative to stimulation of the homologous normal territory. LEP attenuation concerned not only patients with decreased pain/heat sensation, but also those with allodynia or hyperalgesia to laser pulses. In contrast, LEPs were never attenuated in patients with non-organic forms of pain, in whom LEPs could even be enhanced to stimulation of the painful territory. Increased responses in non-organic pain were a reminder of the cognitive modulation observed in normal subjects who direct attention to a laser stimulus. Enhanced LEPs never accompanied truly neuropathic hyperalgesia or allodynia. In central pain patients with exclusiBrain. 12/2002; 125:2766-2781.
Article: Timing and characteristics of perceptual attenuation by transcranial stimulation: a study using magnetic cortical stimulation and somatosensory-evoked potentials.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Transcranial cortical magnetic stimulation (CMS) is a noninvasive, non-noxious procedure to induce perceptual attenuation when applied concomitant to sensory stimuli. To investigate the perceptual timing of simple stimulus features in the somatosensory modality, we applied right hemisphere CMS at different intervals following a stimulus delivered to the left hand. Different intervals between peripheral stimuli and CMS were defined according to the components of the somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEP), previously obtained in response to the same stimulus. Perceptual attenuation was maximal when CMS coincided with the primary cortical response (parietal N20 potential); conversely, perception of stimulus intensity was not modified when CMS was concomitant with the N200 and P300 potentials. Using small CMS intensities, a "perceptual dip" was observed when CMS arrived in coincidence with the N120 potential, a SEP response thought to be originated in part in the second somatic area. Our results support the view that both N200 and P300 are post-perceptual responses. The results also suggest that the cortical processes active during the N20 and N120 potentials may be essential for the conscious perception of somatosensory stimuli delivered to the hand.Psychophysiology 08/1999; 36(4):476-83. · 3.29 Impact Factor