Mylène Juan

LVMH Recherche, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (2)6.2 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The phosphorylated form of histone H2AX, gammaH2AX, is a component of the DNA repair system. Most studies have focused on the role of gammaH2AX during cell transformation and human cancer, but little is known about its role in keratinocytes and the skin during UV irradiation. We analyzed the response to UV irradiation focusing on the phosphorylation of histone H2AX both in vitro, in keratinocyte cultures and in artificial epidermis, and then in vivo, in human skin. Acute UVB irradiation of human keratinocytes increased the phosphorylation of H2AX in a dose-dependent manner; two types of gammaH2AX response were observed either in vitro or in vivo. After a low nonapoptotic UVB irradiation, cells contained phosphorylated H2AX and arrested their cell cycle to repair the DNA damages. For a stronger and proapoptotic UVB irradiation, keratinocytes dramatically increased the phosphorylation of H2AX and committed apoptosis. Our results indicate that gammaH2AX constitutes a highly sensitive marker relevant for studying subapoptotic doses as well as proapoptotic doses of UVB in human skin.
    Photochemistry and Photobiology 05/2010; 86(4):933-41. · 2.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: During chronic UV irradiation, which is part of the skin aging process, proteins are damaged by reactive oxygen species resulting in the accumulation of oxidatively modified protein. UV irradiation generates irreversible oxidation of the side chains of certain amino acids resulting in the formation of carbonyl groups on proteins. Nevertheless, certain amino acid oxidation products such as methionine sulfoxide can be reversed back to their reduced form within proteins by specific repair enzymes, the methionine sulfoxide reductases A and B. Using quantitative confocal microscopy, the amount of methionine sulfoxide reductase A was found significantly lower in sun-exposed skin as compared to sun-protected skin. Due to the importance of the methionine sulfoxide reductase system in the maintenance of protein structure and function during aging and conditions of oxidative stress, the fate of this system was investigated after UVA irradiation of human normal keratinocytes. When keratinocytes are exposed to 15 J/cm(2) UVA, methionine sulfoxide reductase activity and content are decreased, indicating that the methionine sulfoxide reductase system is a sensitive target for UV-induced inactivation.
    Experimental Gerontology 10/2007; 42(9):859-63. · 3.91 Impact Factor