M Ounissi

Hôpital Charles-Nicolle, Tunis-Ville, Tūnis, Tunisia

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Publications (45)32.74 Total impact

  • La Revue de Médecine Interne 06/2015; 36:A178. DOI:10.1016/j.revmed.2015.03.217 · 1.07 Impact Factor

  • Open Journal of Nephrology 01/2015; 05(02):44-48. DOI:10.4236/ojneph.2015.52007

  • La Tunisie médicale 02/2014; 92(2):169.

  • La Tunisie médicale 10/2013; 91(10):613-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Euphorbia paralias is known in traditional medicine as an anti-inflammatory agent, a purgative and for its local anesthetic property. To the best our knowledge, renal toxicity of this substance has not been previously reported. In this paper, we report the case of a 29-year-old male who developed renal damage following ingestion of Euphorbia paralias. He had been on follow-up for nephrotic syndrome since 1986, although irregularly, with several relapses but each responding well to steroid therapy. A kidney biopsy had not been performed earlier due to refusal by the patient. He was off steroids since April 2008 because the patient developed osteoporosis. He was admitted with general malaise and oliguria to our department in May 2009, following repeated vomiting and watery diarrhea for three days. On examination, he was edematous but had normal vital signs except for a pulse rate of 120/min. Hemoglobin was only 5.5 g/dL but with normal white cell and platelet counts. Blood biochemistry showed evidence of advanced renal failure with a serum creatinine level of 1835 μmol/L and urea at 44.6 mmol/L, sodium of 132 μmol/L and potassium at 4.3 mmol/L. He had features of nephrotic syndrome with severe hypoproteinamia and 24-h urinary protein of 10.45 g. Ultrasonography revealed enlarged kidneys with a reduced echogenecity of the medulla and the papillae. Subsequently, after hemodialysis with blood transfusion, a kidney biopsy was performed that showed focal segmental glomerulosclerosis associated with an acute tubular injury. On intensive interrogation, the patient gave a history of ingesting boiled Euphorbia paralias as a native treatment for edema, ten days prior to the onset of the current illness. A diagnosis of acute renal failure (ARF) resulting from the possible nephrotoxic effect of Euphorbia paralias poisoning was made. He was treated with intermittent hemodialysis and corticosteroids. Serum creatinine values improved after 48 days. At six months following the intoxication, serum creatinine of the patient was 240 μmol/L. In cases of unexplained ARF, a toxic mechanism should always be considered and acute renal failure caused by Euphorbia paralias should be included as a cause if renal toxicity is suspected in those places where it is being used as a native medicine.
    Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation: an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia 01/2013; 24(3):571-5. DOI:10.4103/1319-2442.111069
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    ABSTRACT: The impact of delayed graft function (DGF) on the outcome of renal transplantation remains controversial. We analyzed the risk factors for DGF and its impact on graft and patient survival. A total of 354 renal transplants performed between June 1986 and April 2000 were analyzed. Variables analyzed included donor and recipient age, method and duration of renal replacement therapy, HLA mismatch, cold and warm ischemia times, biopsy-confirmed acute rejection, length of stay in the hospital, serum creatinine at the end of first hospitalization as well as graft and patient survival at one, three, five and ten years. The study patients were divided into two groups: patients with DGF (G1) and those without DGF (G2). DGF occurred in 50 patients (14.1%), and it was seen more frequently in patients transplanted from deceased donors (60% vs. 40%, P <0.0001). The cause of DGF was acute tubular necrosis, seen in 98% of the cases. Univariate analysis showed a statistically significant difference between the two groups G1 and G2 in the following parameters: average duration on dialysis (52.3 vs. 36.4 months, P = 0.006), HLA mismatch (44.9% vs. 32.11% P = 0.015), donor age (35.9 vs. 40.2 years, P = 0.026), cold ischemia time (23 vs. 18.2 h, P = 0.0016), warm ischemia time (41.9 vs. 38.6 mn, P = 0.046), length of stay in the hospital during first hospitalization (54.7 vs. 33.2 days, P <0.0001), serum creatinine at the end of first hospitalization (140 vs. 112 μmol/L, P <0.0001) and at three months following transplantation (159 vs. 119 μmol/L, P = 0.0002). Multivariate analysis revealed the following independent risk factors for DGF: deceased donor (RR = 13.2, P <0.0001) and cold ischemia time (RR = 1.17, P = 0.008). The graft survival at one, three, five and ten years was 100%, 93%, 88.3% and 78.3% in G1 versus 100%, 95.9% 92.8% and 82.3% in G2; there was no statistically significant difference. The patient survival at one, three, five and ten years was 100%, 91.3%, 83.6% and 74.4% in G1 versus 100%, 95.9%, 94% and 82.6% in G2 with a statistically significant difference (P = 0.04). Prolonged cold ischemia time and transplantation of kidneys from deceased donors were the main risk factors for DGF in our study. Also, DGF significantly affected patient survival but had no influence on graft survival.
    Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation: an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia 01/2013; 24(2):243-6. DOI:10.4103/1319-2442.109564
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    ABSTRACT: Kidney disease is a rare complication in patients with the Down's syndrome. However, with increased survival, it appears that a growing number of these patients present with glomerulonephritis. Most cases have been reported as case reports and include lesions such as mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis with hypo-complementemia, crescentic glomerulonephritis with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA), amyloidosis and immunotactoid glomerulopathy. We report the observation of a 38-year-old man with the Down's syndrome who presented with severe renal failure, proteinuria and microscopic hematuria evolving over two months. There was no history of congenital heart disease or urinary symptoms. Percutaneous renal biopsy revealed fibrous crescents, rupture of Bowman's capsule and peri-glomerular granuloma; there were no deposits on immunofluorescence study. Thoracic computerized tomography scan showed alveolar congestion. The patient tested negative for ANCA. At the time of reporting, the patient is on regular chronic hemodialysis. Our case illustrates a distinct entity that further expands the spectrum of renal disease known to occur in the Down's syndrome. Early detection of the renal disorders may prevent or slow down the progression.
    Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation: an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia 01/2013; 24(6):1223-1227. DOI:10.4103/1319-2442.121311
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    ABSTRACT: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most frequent infectious complication among renal transplant recipients and a frequent cause of bacteremia, sepsis and acute graft failure. To evaluate the incidence, risk factors, type of pathogens and long-term effect of UTIs on graft and patient survivals in our center, we performed a retrospective cohort study reviewing the medical records of patients who received a renal transplant at our center from June 1986 to December 2009, excluding patients who lost their grafts in the first month due to arterial or veins thrombosis and acute antibody-mediated rejection. We studied 393 kidney-transplanted recipients; at least one UTI occurred in 221 (53.69%) patients during the follow-up period. The most frequent pathogens isolated in urine culture were Escherichia coli (n = 39, 18.4%) and Klebsiella pneumonia (n = 31, 14.6%). When patients with UTIs were compared with those without UTIs, female gender and use of mycophenolate mofetil or azathioprine seemed to be risk factors for UTIs on univariate analysis. However, female gender was the only independent risk factor on multivariate analysis RR = 1.964 (1.202-3.207), P = 0.007. This study confirmed that UTIs remain a major problem in renal transplant recipients, and female gender was the only independent risk factor.
    Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation: an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia 11/2012; 23(6):1311-4. DOI:10.4103/1319-2442.103586

  • Néphrologie & Thérapeutique 09/2012; 8(5):344. DOI:10.1016/j.nephro.2012.07.114 · 0.40 Impact Factor

  • Néphrologie & Thérapeutique 09/2012; 8(5):356-357. DOI:10.1016/j.nephro.2012.07.144 · 0.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The acute tubular necrosis (ATN) is common after kidney transplantation. Acute tubular necrosis (ATN) is multifactorial and represents one of the main causes of the delayed graft function. Its impact on graft and patients survival is documented. To study the prevalence of the ATN in kidney transplanted patients, the acute rejection rate and their impact on the graft and the patient survival. We retrospectively studied the frequency of ATN, its causes and its impact on patient and graft survival in 255 kidney transplanted patients between 1986-2006. Thirty-nine patients had ATN (15.29%). They are 25 men and 14 women with mean age of 30.1 ± 12.6 years (8-61) followed for an average of 98 ± 61.76 months. The majority was treated by hemodialysis (79.48%) and half of them were transplanted from kidney of deceased donor. All patients received anti lymphocyte serum and the majority anticalcineurins (69.23%). The outcome was favorable in 26 patients (66.66%) with recovery of diuresis and normalization of renal function after 6 weeks on average. An acute rejection was diagnosed in 21 patients (53.48%). The mean creatinine at 1, 5 and 10 years was 135.3, 159.9 and 121.4 μmol / l. Eight patients had creatinine ² 130 μmol / l at 10 years. Ten patients died from infectious and cardiovascular causes. By comparing the 2 groups ATN + and ATN - we found a statistically significant correlation between ATN and cold ischemia (10 ± 10.9 vs 1.2 ± 4.7 hours, p <0.0001) and the interval between the start of dialysis and transplantation (42.18 ± 38.44 vs. 31.1 ± 25.2 months, p= 0.02). No statistical correlation was found between the ATN and gender, age of recipient and donor, warm ischemia, acute rejection, chronic rejection and graft and patient survival at 1, 5 and 10 years. The ATN is more common among transplanted patients from deceased donors. It had good evolution in the majority of cases and it's correlated to cold ischemia and duration of dialysis. Finally, it has no impact on patients and graft survival.
    La Tunisie médicale 06/2012; 90(6):463-7.
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    ABSTRACT: The dysfunction of the catheter in peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a frequent complication. However, perforation of organs are rare, particularly that of the urinary bladder. This requires an early diagnosis and prompt treatment of patients. We report here the case of a 38-year-old woman having end-stage renal disease due to autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease treated by PD since November 2000. Three years later, she was treated for Staphylococcal peritonitis. Four months later, she presented with a severe urge to urinate at the time of the fluid exchanges. The biochemical analysis of the fluid from the bladder showed that it was dialysis fluid. Injection of contrast through the catheter demonstrated the presence of a fistula between the bladder and the peritoneal cavity. She underwent cystoscopic closure of the fistulous tract and the PD catheter was removed. Subsequently, the patient was treated by hemodialysis. One month later, a second catheter was implanted surgically after confirming the closure of the fistula. Ten days later, she presented with pain at the catheter site and along the tunnel, which was found to be swollen along its track. The injection of contrast produced swelling of the subcutaneous tunnel but without extravasation of the dye. PD was withdrawn and the patient was put back on hemodialysis. Bladder fistula is a rare complication in PD and diagnosis should be suspected when patient complains of an urge to pass urine during the exchanges, which can be confirmed by contrast study showing presence of dye in the bladder. PD may be possible after the closure of the fistula, but recurrence may occur.
    Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation: an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia 05/2012; 23(3):552-5.
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    ABSTRACT: The amyloidosis is one of the histologic lesions the most frequently associated to the aging. To identify the several etiologies of amyloidosis in elderly patients according to immunohistochemical type. Retrospective study on 10 years, in Internal medicine and Nephrology department in Charles Nicolle Hospital. Tunis. Tunisia. Diagnosis of amyloidosis was retained after histological confirmation with specific colorations, in patients aged 65 years or more at the diagnose of amyloidosis. The study enrolled 51 patients with amyloidosis. In 67% of cases it was AA amyloidosis. The etiology the most frequently observed with this type was the tuberculosis, followed by chronic pulmonary infections. We retained diagnose of non AA amyloidosis in 21% of patients. The multiple myeloma has been the most frequent etiology observed, but no cause was identified at about half of patients. Twelve per cent of amyloidosis were not typed. From our study, we can remark the high predominance of AA amyloidosis, probably because of frequency of tuberculosis which is still high in our country, this is not in accordance with occidental data, were AL amyloidosis and senile amyloidosis predominate in elderly.
    La Tunisie médicale 01/2012; 90(1):13-8.

  • Néphrologie & Thérapeutique 09/2011; 7(5):442-442. DOI:10.1016/j.nephro.2011.07.391 · 0.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is a wide interest in epidemiologic studies assessing different causes of post-kidney transplantation rehospitalization. However, there is a paucity of knowledge on the long-term survival and graft function of rehospitalized kidney transplant recipients during the first year. Knowledge of posttransplant rehospitalization causes may help guide the preventive program at the first year. In our study, we assess causes for hospitalization and investigate the long-term patient and graft survival after non-fatal rehospitalization in kidney recipients during the first year.
    Transplantation Proceedings 06/2011; 43(5):1742-6. DOI:10.1016/j.transproceed.2011.01.178 · 0.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Malignancies and opportunistic infections are frequently observed after solid-organ transplantation. Their occurrence strongly affects recipient survival. We report the case of a 29-year-old Tunisian kidney-recipient who was diagnosed simultaneously with post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) and visceral leishmaniasis (VL). Withdrawal of immunosuppressive therapy together with antiparasitic treatment using liposomal amphotericin B, and anti-CD20 antibodies medication resulted in cure of leishmaniasis and remission from PTLD. This case is of clinical interest because of the uncommon association of VL with PTLD after solid organ transplantation. It is also original by the favourable outcome of VL and PTLD, both known as life-threatening diseases. Also, it illustrates the predisposing role of immunosuppressive therapy in occurrence of opportunistic infections and malignancies after solid organ transplantation.
    Néphrologie & Thérapeutique 03/2011; 7(6):488-93. DOI:10.1016/j.nephro.2011.01.010 · 0.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Malformative uropathies are a frequent cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT). Medical management of urinary tract infections and advances in surgical reconstruction procedures resulted in good outcomes of kidney transplantation among these patients. The aim of this article was to describe the epidemiological profiles and outcomes of patients who underwent transplantation for ESRD related to malformative uropathies. Among 493 kidney recipients at our center from 1986 to 2009, 47 had malformative uropathies as the cause of ESRD. We retrospectively studied the incidence of acute rejection episodes, acute tubular necrosis, as well as patient and graft survivals, comparing these results to those observed in patients without malformative uropathies using chi-square tests for qualitative parameters and nonpaired Student t tests for continuous variables. Log-rank tests were used for comparisons of survival curves. The 47 patients, representing 9.53% of our kidney transplant recipients, included 27 men and 20 women (sex ratio=1.35) with an overall mean age of 27.6±9.1 years (range, 10-49). The common etiology was vesico-ureteral reflux (78.7%). Hemodialysis was the main RRT modality (68%) with a median duration of 41 months. Also, 82.9% of patients received transplants from living donors. Acute tubular necrosis occurred in 4 of these (8.5%) versus 22.06% of the other patients (P=.03). Acute rejection episodes were observed in 13 of these patients (27.6%) versus 23.1% of the other patients (P=not significant [NS]). After a cumulative follow-up period of 3744 months (median, 41.8 months), 5 patients had died (1.6 death/y/100 patients) and 5 had lost their allografts and returned to dialysis (1.6 case/y/100 patients). Graft survival rates at 1, 5, and 10 years were 97.8%, 93.2%, and 79.9%, which were comparable with 95.9%, 87.6%, and 78.9% among the other patients, respectively (P=NS). Patient survival rates at 1, 5, and 10 years were 100%, 88.5%, and 82.6% versus 96%, 87.6%, and 79.6%, respectively (P=NS). Kidney transplantation in patients with malformative uropathies is increasingly frequent. The incidence of acute rejection episodes as well as patient and graft survivals were comparable with those of subjects without malformative uropathies.
    Transplantation Proceedings 03/2011; 43(2):437-40. DOI:10.1016/j.transproceed.2011.01.024 · 0.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Posttransplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is a common, serious complication of renal transplantation. The aim of this retrospective study was to estimate the incidence and to identify potential factors predisposing to PTDM. We evaluated 296 adult nondiabetic patients who underwent kidney transplantation at our center. PTDM was defined according to 2003 international consensus guidelines. Potential factors predisposing to PTDM were analyzed individually and simultaneously using a logistic regression model. Over 2054.5 years of cumulative follow-up, 51 patients (17.2%) developed diabetes corresponding to an annual incidence of 2.5%. PTDM was diagnosed after a median of 2.9 months (range: 0.2-168). The mean age of affect individuals was 33.3±7.4 years. Patients with PTDM were significantly older (P<.0005) and showed an higher body mass index (BMI; P<.004). Univariate analysis revealed that age, BMI, family history of diabetes, vascular nephropathy, and hepatitis C infection were associated with PTDM. Multivariate analysis rescaled the roles of age (relative risk [RR]=1.046/y; P<.04), BMI (RR=1.107/kg/m2, P<.05), vascular nephropathy (RR=7.06, P<.03), and hepatitis C infection (RR=2.72, P<.03) as independent factors predisposing to PTDM. Among our relatively young kidney transplant recipients, in whom only 8% received tacrolimus, PTDM was a frequent complication. We suggest that the use of oral glucose tolerance tests to screen patients identifies those predisposed to develop this complication.
    Transplantation Proceedings 03/2011; 43(2):568-71. DOI:10.1016/j.transproceed.2011.01.032 · 0.98 Impact Factor