Michiel M T van Dommelen

Radboud University Medical Centre (Radboudumc), Nymegen, Gelderland, Netherlands

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Publications (8)32.08 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Golgi antiapoptotic protein (GAAP) is a novel regulator of cell death that is highly conserved in eukaryotes and present in some poxviruses, but its molecular mechanism is unknown. Given that alterations in intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis play an important role in determining cell sensitivity to apoptosis, we investigated if GAAP affected Ca(2+) signaling. Overexpression of human (h)-GAAP suppressed staurosporine-induced, capacitative Ca(2+) influx from the extracellular space. In addition, it reduced histamine-induced Ca(2+) release from intracellular stores through inositol trisphosphate receptors. h-GAAP not only decreased the magnitude of the histamine-induced Ca(2+) fluxes from stores to cytosol and mitochondrial matrices, but it also reduced the induction and frequency of oscillatory changes in cytosolic Ca(2+). Overexpression of h-GAAP lowered the Ca(2+) content of the intracellular stores and decreased the efficacy of IP(3), providing possible explanations for the observed results. Opposite effects were obtained when h-GAAP was knocked down by siRNA. Thus, our data demonstrate that h-GAAP modulates intracellular Ca(2+) fluxes induced by both physiological and apoptotic stimuli.
    Molecular biology of the cell 07/2009; 20(16):3638-45. · 5.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ADP-ribosylation factor (Arf) proteins are small guanosine triphosphatases (GTPases) that act as major regulators of intracellular vesicular trafficking and secretory organelle pathway integrity. Like all small monomeric GTPases, Arf proteins cycle between a GDP-bound and a GTP-bound state, and this cycling is catalysed by guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) and GTPase-activating proteins. While the class I Arfs, especially Arf1, have been studied extensively, little is known as yet about the function and regulation of class II Arfs, Arf4 and Arf5. In this study, we show that Arf proteins show class-specific dynamic behaviour. Moreover, unlike class I Arfs, membrane association of class II Arfs is resistant to inhibition of large Arf GEFs by Brefeldin A. Through the construction of Arf chimeric proteins, evidence is provided that the N-terminal amphipathic helix and a class-specific residue in the conserved interswitch domain determine the membrane-binding properties of class I and class II Arf proteins. Our results show that fundamental differences exist in behaviour and regulation of these small GTPases.
    Traffic 02/2009; 10(3):316-23. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Creatine Kinases (CK) catalyze the reversible transfer of high-energy phosphate groups between ATP and phosphocreatine, thereby playing a storage and distribution role in cellular energetics. Brain-type CK (CK-B) deficiency is coupled to loss of function in neural cell circuits, altered bone-remodeling by osteoclasts and complement-mediated phagocytotic activity of macrophages, processes sharing dependency on actomyosin dynamics. Here, we provide evidence for direct coupling between CK-B and actomyosin activities in cortical microdomains of astrocytes and fibroblasts during spreading and migration. CK-B transiently accumulates in membrane ruffles and ablation of CK-B activity affects spreading and migration performance. Complementation experiments in CK-B-deficient fibroblasts, using new strategies to force protein relocalization from cytosol to cortical sites at membranes, confirmed the contribution of compartmentalized CK-B to cell morphogenetic dynamics. Our results provide evidence that local cytoskeletal dynamics during cell motility is coupled to on-site availability of ATP generated by CK-B.
    PLoS ONE 02/2009; 4(3):e5030. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Creatine Kinases (CK) catalyze the reversible transfer of high-energy phosphate groups between ATP and phosphocreatine, thereby playing a storage and distribution role in cellular energetics. Brain-type CK (CK-B) deficiency is coupled to loss of function in neural cell circuits, altered bone-remodeling by osteoclasts and complement-mediated phagocytotic activity of macrophages, processes sharing dependency on actomyosin dynamics. Methodology/Principal Findings: Here, we provide evidence for direct coupling between CK-B and actomyosin activities in cortical microdomains of astrocytes and fibroblasts during spreading and migration. CK-B transiently accumulates in membrane ruffles and ablation of CK-B activity affects spreading and migration performance. Complementation experiments in CK-B-deficient fibroblasts, using new strategies to force protein relocalization from cytosol to cortical sites at membranes, confirmed the contribution of compartmentalized CK-B to cell morphogenetic dynamics. Conclusion/Significance: Our results provide evidence that local cytoskeletal dynamics during cell motility is coupled to on-site availability of ATP generated by CK-B.
    PLoS ONE 01/2009; 4(3). · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ATP is the "principal energy currency" in metabolism and the most versatile small molecular regulator of cellular activities. Although already much is known about the role of ATP in fundamental processes of living systems, data about its compartmentalization are rather scarce, and we still have only very limited understanding of whether patterns in the distribution of intracellular ATP concentration ("ATP inhomogeneity") do exist and have a regulatory role. Here we report on the analysis of coupling of local ATP supply to regulation of actomyosin behavior, a widespread and dynamic process with conspicuous high ATP dependence, which is central to cell shape changes and cell motility. As an experimental model, we use embryonic fibroblasts from knock-out mice without major ATP-ADP exchange enzymes, in which we (re)introduce the ATP/ADP exchange enzyme adenylate kinase-1 (AK1) and deliberately manipulate its spatial positioning by coupling to different artificial location tags. By transfection-complementation of AK1 variants and comparison with yellow fluorescent protein controls, we found that motility and spreading were enhanced in cells with AK1 with a focal contact guidance tag. Intermediary enhancement was observed in cells with membrane-targeted or cytosolic AK1. Use of a heterodimer-inducing approach for transient translocation of AK1 to focal contacts under conditions of constant global AK1 activity in the cell corroborated these results. Based on our findings with these model systems, we propose that local ATP supply in the cell periphery and "on site" fuelling of the actomyosin machinery, when maintained via enzymes involved in phosphoryl transfer, are codetermining factors in the control of cell motility.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 12/2008; 284(3):1620-7. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The family Picornaviridae consists of a large group of plus-strand RNA viruses that share a similar genome organization. The nomenclature of the picornavirus proteins is based on their position in the viral RNA genome but does not necessarily imply a conserved function of proteins of different genera. The enterovirus 2B protein is a small hydrophobic protein that, upon individual expression, is localized to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the Golgi complex, reduces ER and Golgi complex Ca(2+) levels, most likely by forming transmembrane pores, and inhibits protein trafficking through the Golgi complex. At present, little is known about the function of the other picornavirus 2B proteins. Here we show that rhinovirus 2B, which is phylogenetically closely related to enterovirus 2B, shows a similar subcellular localization and function to those of enterovirus 2B. In contrast, 2B proteins of hepatitis A virus, foot-and-mouth disease virus, and encephalomyocarditis virus, all of which are more distantly related to enteroviruses, show a different localization and have little, if any, effects on Ca(2+) homeostasis and intracellular protein trafficking. Our data suggest that the 2B proteins of enterovirus and rhinovirus share the same function in virus replication, while the other picornavirus 2B proteins support the viral life cycle in a different manner. Moreover, we show that an enterovirus 2B protein that is retained in the ER is unable to modify Ca(2+) homeostasis and inhibit protein trafficking, demonstrating the importance of Golgi complex localization for its functioning.
    Journal of Virology 05/2008; 82(7):3782-90. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Coxsackievirus infection leads to a rapid reduction of the filling state of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi Ca2+ stores. The coxsackievirus 2B protein, a small membrane protein that localizes to the Golgi and to a lesser extent to the ER, has been proposed to play an important role in this effect by forming membrane-integral pores, thereby increasing the efflux of Ca2+ from the stores. Here, evidence is presented that supports this idea and that excludes the possibility that 2B reduces the uptake of Ca2+ into the stores. Measurement of intra-organelle-free Ca2+ in permeabilized cells revealed that the ability of 2B to reduce the Ca2+ filling state of the stores was preserved at steady ATP. Biochemical analysis in a cell-free system further showed that 2B had no adverse effect on the activity of the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase, the Ca2+-ATPase that transports Ca2+ from the cytosol into the stores. To investigate whether 2B specifically affects Ca2+ homeostasis or other ion gradients, we measured the lumenal Golgi pH. Expression of 2B resulted in an increased Golgi pH, indicative for the efflux of H+ from the Golgi lumen. Together, these data support a model that 2B increases the efflux of ions from the ER and Golgi by forming membrane-integral pores. We have demonstrated that a major consequence of this activity is the inhibition of protein trafficking through the Golgi complex.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 06/2006; 281(20):14144-50. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Golgi anti-apoptotic protein (GAAP) is a ,novel regulator of ,cell death that is highly ,conserved ,in eukaryotes and present in some poxviruses, but its molecular mechanism is unknown. Given that alterations in intracellular Ca, homeostasis ,play an important ,role in determining ,cell sensitivity to

Publication Stats

143 Citations
32.08 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009
    • Radboud University Medical Centre (Radboudumc)
      • Department of Human Genetics
      Nymegen, Gelderland, Netherlands
  • 2008–2009
    • Radboud University Nijmegen
      • Department of Medical Microbiology
      Nijmegen, Provincie Gelderland, Netherlands